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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Journal Paper
Title Population Pressure and the Food Supply System in the Developing World
Author John Bongaarts
Affiliation Population Council
Url http://www.cnie.org/pop/bongaarts/poppressure/
Peer Review Independent Peer Review
Abstract Reproduced from the journal "Population and Development Review" (Volume 22, #3, September 1996). "[T]here is little dispute about trends in the demand for food over the coming decades. The United Nations projects a world population of 9.8 billion in 2050, up from 5.8 billion today. For improvements in diets in much of the developing world also to occur, as is expected, an enormous expansion of agricultural output will be needed in the next few decades. Meeting this demand will be one of mankind's greatest challenges. In all likelihood, the future will be neither as problematic as the pessimists claim nor as painless as some optimists foresee. What then are the most plausible trends ahead? This study attempts to shed light on this issue by examining trends in the food supply system between 1962 and 1989.2 The focus is on the developing world, where current and future agricultural problems are most serious. The analysis is based on Food and Agriculture Organization statistics for different aspects of the food supply system in 90 developing countries for which the necessary data are available. Particular attention is given to how developing countries with different population densities have fed their growing populations."

Type of Resource Report
Title Food requirements and population growth
Author P. Collomb and J. du Guerny
Affiliation Committee for International Coordination of National Research in Demography, CRED) in Paris (Collomb); Food and Agricultural Organization, United Nations (du Guerny)
Url http://www.fao.org/wfs/final/e/volume1/t4sum-e.htm
Peer Review Independent Peer Review
Abstract This 1996 Report is available in full text and executive summary forms. "The world will inherit a very diversified food situation at the end of the second millennium. This paper highlights the regional contrasts and specificities within the global situation and trends. Its long-term analysis is based on the concept of food requirements, thereby taking a normative perspective to the extent that actual and projected food consumption and demand do not meet, or at times exceed, requirements."

Type of Resource Report
Title Food Security and Nutrition
Author Dr Joachim von Braun and collaborators
Affiliation University of Kiel, Germany; collaborators at the United Nations and World Health Organization
Url http://www.fao.org/wfs/final/e/volume1/t5sum-e.htm
Peer Review Independent Peer Review
Abstract This 1996 Report is available in full text and executive summary forms. "A technical background paper prepared for the 1996 World Food Summit. This paper provides an overview of food and nutritional problems today and forecasts future trends in population, food supplies and malnutrition throughout the world. The linkages between food, agriculture and nutrition are explored, the nutritional implications of food and agricultural development policies are examined, the relevance of policy failure and limited resources for food and nutritional security are illustrated and recommendations are provided for improving the nutritional benefits arising from social, economic and agricultural development, as well as from direct nutrition-oriented policies and programmes. The paper suggests a set of nutritional-improvement policies and priority actions and approaches to improve nutrition."

Type of Resource Report Chapter
Title Food and Agriculture
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/fa_txt1.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This is chapter 10 of the report World Resources 1996-97, a primary reference volume on global environmental and natural resource conditions and trends for the United Nations, World Bank, and related international organizations. Related data tables are available in Adobe format

Type of Resource Journal Article
Title Winning the Food Race
Author Don Hinrichsen
Affiliation Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, USA
Url http://www.jhuccp.org/popreport/m13edsum.stm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract December, 1997 issue of Population Report includes [1] Editors Summary, [2] Population Growth and Food Needs, [3] Hunger in the Midst of Plenty, [4] Limits and Constraints, [5] Steps Toward Food Security, [6] Coordinating Population and Agricultural Policies, [7] Bibliography, [8] Figures on Chronic Undernutrition, Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries, 1996 Population and Arable Land in Developing Countries, [9] Profiles of individuals in Burkina Faso, India, Nicaragua.

Type of Resource 24 Research Reports (pdf format) and Abstratcs
Title Various - see below
Author Various - see below
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/pubs/rreports.HTM
Peer Review Yes

Type of Resource Article
Title Food security within environmental limits
Author Environment and Natural Resources Service
Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/FSdirect/FBdirect/FSE001.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The environmental price of food production is the loss of natural vegetation and biological diversity, soil erosion, and surface and groundwater depletion. Inevitably, there are divergent views about how land should be used - whether for industrial crops, food, nature conservation or industry. These conflicts exist for coastal and inland areas and common property resources such as forests, grazing lands and even oceans."

Type of Resource Databases
Title FAOSTAT Databases
Author Food and Agriculture Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://apps.fao.org/cgi-bin/nph-db.pl?subset=agriculture
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Set of 17 agricultural databases and one population database. Includes individual country and regional data for 1961 - 1996. Please Note: The FAOSTAT Database is unavailable from 22:30 Sunday to 05:30 Monday Central European Time Includes: Production ( Primary Crops, Derived Crops, Live Animals, and Primary Livestock), Agricultural Production Indices, Trade (Primary & Derived Crops & Livestock and Live Animals), Trade Indices for Crops & Livestock, Food Balance Sheet, Producer Prices (Primary Crops and Primary Livestock), Land (Land Use and Irrigation) Means of Production (Agricultural Machinery, Fertilizers, Pesticides Trade, and Pesticides Consumption) and Population Annual Time Series.

Type of Resource Journal Article
Title Impact of Population Growth on Food Supplies and Environment
Author David Pimentel, Xuewen Huang, Ana Cordova, and Marcia Pimentel
Affiliation Cornell University
Url http://dieoff.org/page57.htm
Peer Review No
Abstract Presented at AAAS Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, 9 February 1996. "As the world population continues to grow geometrically, great pressure is being placed on arable land, water, energy, and biological resources to provide an adequate supply of food while maintaining the integrity of our ecosystem. According to the World Bank and the United Nations, from 1 to 2 billion humans are now malnourished, indicating a combination of insufficient food, low incomes, and inadequate distribution of food. This is the largest number of hungry humans ever recorded in history. In China about 80 million are now malnourished and hungry. Based on current rates of increase, the world population is projected to double from roughly 6 billion to more than 12 billion in less than 50 years (Pimentel et al., 1994). As the world population expands, the food problem will become increasingly severe, conceivably with the numbers of malnourished reaching 3 billion."

Type of Resource Technical Report
Title An exploratory model of the impact of rapid climate change on the world food situation
Author Grechen C. Daily and Paul R. Ehrlich
Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University
Url http://dieoff.org/page102.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "A simple, globally aggregated, stochastic-simulation model was constructed to examine the effects of rapid climatic change on agriculture and the human population. The model calculates population size and the production, consumption and storage of grain under different climate scenarios over a 20-year projection time. In most scenarios, either an optimistic baseline annual increase of agricultural output of 1.7% or a more pessimistic appraisal of 0.9% was used. The rate of natural increase of the human population exclusive of excess hunger-related deaths was set at 1.7% per year and climatic changes with both negative and positive impacts on agriculture were assessed."

Type of Resource Article
Title State of the World: Food and Land
Author Millenium Institute
Affiliation Millenium Institute
Url http://www.igc.apc.org/millennium/inds/land.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Statement on site of U.S. based advocacy group: "How long arable land will last at certain diets."

Type of Resource Report
Title Potential impacts of sea-level rise on populations and agriculture
Author R. Gommes, J. du Guerny, F. Nachtergaele and R. Brinkman
Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EIdirect/EIre0045.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract addresses issues related to the potential impacts of sea level rise on the world's coastal populations and agriculture. This is a "global" study mostly based on national data. Includes:

Type of Resource Report Summary
Title Farm-level Information in Policy-Making and Planning for Sustainable Development
Author Brian Hardaker
Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EPdirect/EPan0002.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1996 extracted from a longer paper notes that: "Farming activities everywhere should be conducted so as not to deplete the resource base or degrade the environment. Amongst actions required is better understanding of how farm households respond to policy signals and to use this knowledge in formulating policies. Improved methods are needed to feed relevant community and farm-household information into the policy making process."

Type of Resource Article
Title Tracking the Trends
Author Facing the Future
Affiliation Facing the Future
Url http://www.facingthefuture.org/trends.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Statement on site of U.S. based advocacy group: "While the debate continues about how many people the earth can support, several key indicators appear negative. Despite unprecedented growth in global economic and agricultural production since 1950, population increases have neutralized many of these gains. In fact, viewed on a per capita basis, many important indicators are in decline. If these trends continue, the results are likely to be dangerous and destabilizing."

Type of Resource Newstory
Title Report Finds Population Growth Far Exceeding Arable Land in Year 2025
Author 2020 Vision News & Views, April 1995
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0495/2nv0495c.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "According to a recent report by the Washington, D.C. based nongovernmental organization Population Action International, world population is growing eight times as fast as cultivated land area, and the food security of hundreds of millions of people may be at risk early in the next century."

  Type of Resource Magazine Articles
Title Sustainable Agriculture
Author Various Authors
Affiliation People & the Planet
Url http://www.oneworld.org/patp/previous.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Volume 7, Number 1 1998  issue of People and the Planet. "A new global review of over 100 farming projects in 28 countries has given fresh hope to all those working to defeat hunger through more sustainable forms of agriculture." Includes:

Type of Resource Glossary
Title Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws
Author Jasper Womach
Affiliation Congressional Research Service
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/AgGlossary/AgGlossary.htm
Peer Review Internal Review
Abstract Comprehensive glossary of terms, laws, programs and acronyms pertaining to agriculture. Produced by the Congressional Research Service Report, this exhaustive glossary (859 kb) has been broken up into 26 web pages, accessible through the main page. Emphasis is on basic and specialized terms and government programs.

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