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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Reports
Title Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development in China
Author Li Xiaoyun, Zuo Changsheng, Jeffrey B. Tschirley, Shwu Eng Webb & Ashley Morton
Affiliation Chinese Government and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EPdirect/EPanalys.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Two 1997 reports address the environmental consequences of the expansion of Chinese agriculture
Part 1: The Agro-Ecosystem and China's Rural Economy -- "While China has successfully increased food production and industrial output over the past 15 years, it is apparent that this has been achieved at a significant environmental cost. The majority of these costs have been treated as 'externalities'. Depletion and pollution of water resources, land degradation, soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, desertification and deforestation are now sufficiently widespread that they constrain further economic growth in the agricultural sector."
Part 2: China's Transition to SARD "Starting the transition to sustainable agriculture and rural development will require coordinated actions at national, provincial and local levels that address policy adjustment, strengthening of human and institutional capacity, management of natural resources, and the sound use of external inputs. To achieve these objectives, current economic development and agricultural policies need to be re-examined in the light of the environmental impacts they cause."

Type of Resource Report
Title Africa faces a continental challenge
Author Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://faowfs0a.fao.org/focus/f/wfday/wfafr%2De.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Africa has seen a sharp drop in per capita agricultural production over much of the continent in the past 25 years and is seeking to reverse this trend in order to increase significantly its per capita food supplies by the year 2010 to improve the diet of its growing population."

Type of Resource 36 Policy Synthesis
Title Various (see below) on subject of sustainable agriculture in Africa
Author Various (see below)
Affiliation Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University
Url http://www.aec.msu.edu/agecon/fs2/psynindx.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract
  1. Green Revolution Technology Takes Root in Africa: The Promise And Challenge of The Ministry of Agriculture/SG2000 Experiment With Improved Cereals Technology in Ethiopia Julie Howard, Valerie Kelly, Mulat Demeke, Mywish Maredia, and Julie Stepanek (#42)
  2. Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Food Crop Input Use and Productivity in Kenya Paul J. Strasberg, T. S. Jayne, Takashi Yamano, James Nyoro, Daniel Karanja, and John Strauss (#41)
  3. Effects of Cash Crop Production on Food Crop Productivity in Zimbabwe: Synergies or Trade-offs? Jones Govereh and T.S. Jayne (#40)
  4. Successes and Challenges of Food Market Reform: Experiences from Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe David Tschirley, T.S. Jayne, Mulinge Mukumbu, Munhamo Chisvo, Michael T. Weber, Ballard Zulu, Robert Johansson, Paula Santos, and David Soroko (#39)
  5. Is Agricultural Intensification Profitable For Mozambican Smallholders? An Appraisal of the Inputs Subsector and the 1996/97 DNER/SG2000 Program Julie A. Howard, José Jaime Jeje, David Tschirley, Paul Strasberg, Eric W. Crawford, and Michael T. Weber (#38)
  6. Restoring Soil Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Technical and Economic Issues David Weight and Valerie Kelly (#37)
  7. Smallholder Cash-Cropping, Food-Cropping Food Security in Mozambique's Cotton Belt Paul J. Strasberg (#34)
  8. Facilitating Seed Sector Transformation in Africa: Key Findings From the Literature Mywish Maredia and Julie Howard (33)
  9. Fertilizer in Sub-Saharan Africa: Breaking the Vicious Circle of High Prices and Low Demand Valerie Kelly, Thomas Reardon, David Yanggen, and Anwar Naseem (#32)
  10. Seed Sector Evolution in Zambia And Zimbabwe: Has Farmer Access Improved Following Economic Reforms? Joseph Rusike, Julie Howard and Mywish Maredia (#31)
  11. Cereal-Based Demand for Fertilizer Among Smallholders in Southern Africa: Lessons Learned and Implications for Other African Regions Joseph Rusike, Thomas Reardon, Julie Howard, and Valerie Kelly (#30)
  12. No shortcuts to Progress: An Assessment of Agricultural Research Planning And Priority Setting in Africa. Mywish Maredia, Julie Howard, and Duncan Boughton (#29)
  13. Impact Assessment of African Agricultural Technology Development and Transfer: Synthesis of Findings and Lessons Learned. P. Anandajayasekeram, William A. Masters, and James F. Oehmke (#28)
  14. Returns to Oilseed and Maize Research in Uganda. Rita Laker-Ojok (#27)
  15. Zambia's Stop-and-Go Revolution: The Impact of Policies and Organizations on the Development and Spread of Hybrid Maize. Julie A. Howard and Catherine Mungoma (#26)
  16. How Non-research Investments Affect Research Impact: The Case of Maize Technology Adoption in southern Mali. Duncan Boughton and Bruno Henry de Frahan (#25)
  17. The Impact of Millet, Sorghum, and Cowpea Research and Technology Transfer in Niger.
    Valentina Mazzucato and Samba Ly (#24)
  18. Assessing the Impact of Cowpea and Sorghum Research and Extension in Northern Cameroon. James A. Sterns and Richard H. Bernsten (#23)
  19. Determinants of Farm Productivity in Africa: A Synthesis of Four Case Studies. Thomas Reardon, Valerie Kelly, Eric Crawford, Thomas Jayne, Kimseyinga Savadogo, and Daniel Clay (#22)
  20. Relief Through Development: Maize Market Liberalization in Urban Kenya. Gem Argwings-Kodhek and T.S. Jayne (#21)
  21. Payoffs to Investments in Agricultural Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    James F. Oehmke and Eric W. Crawford (#20)
  22. Mozambique Food Security Success Story - Resumo Analitico 19P Relato de Sucesso da Segurança Alimentar em Moçambique David L. Tschirley and Michael T. Weber (#19)
  23. Zimbabwe Food Security Success Story: Maize Market Reforms Improve Access to Food Even While Government Eliminates Food Subsidies. T.S. Jayne, Lawrence Rubey, Munhamo Chisvo and Michael T. Weber (#18)
  24. Facilitating Effective Food Security Policy Reform. FS II faculty (#17)
  25. Fostering Agricultural and Food System Transformation in Africa. (#13) - Numéro 13F Encourager la transformation de l'agriculture et des systèmes alimentaires en Afrique. - Número 13P Fomentando a Transformação Agricola e do Sistema Alimentar em África.John M. Staatz e Moussa Ba
  26. Food Marketing and Pricing Policy in Eastern and Southern Africa: Lessons for Increasing Agricultural Productivity and Access to Food. T.S. Jayne and Stephen Jones (#12)
  27. USAID Contributes to Building National Capacity to Strengthen Food Security: an Example From Mali. Duncan Boughton, John M. Staatz, and Michael T. Weber (#11)
  28. PRISAS/INSAH-MSU-USAID Sahel Regional Food Security Project: Results and Impact. Josué Dioné and James Tefft (#10)
  29. Will the CFA Franc Devaluation Enhance Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in the Senegalese Peanut Basin? - Numéro 9F La Dévaluation du Franc CFA: Quelles Perspectives pour une Intensification Durable de la Production Agricole dans le Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal? Bocar Diagana and Valerie Kelly (#9)
  30. A Strategic Approach to Agricultural Research Program Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa. - Numéro 8F Une approche stratégique pour la planification du programme de recherche agricole en Afrique sub-saharienne. - Resumo Analitico 8P Uma Abordagem Estratégica Sobre E Planificação De Programas De Pesquisa Agrícola Na África Sub-sahariana. Duncan Boughton, Eric Crawford, Julie Howard, James Oehmke, James Shaffer et John Staatz (#8)
  31. Cash Crop and Foodgrain Productivity in Senegal: Historical View, New Survey Evidence, and Policy Implications. - Numéro 7F La productivité des cultures vivrières et commerciales au Sénégal: Survol Historique. Valerie Kelly, Bocar Diagana, Thomas Reardon, Matar Gaye, and Eric Crawford (#7)
  32. Promoting Food Security in Rwanda Through Sustainable Agricultural Productivity: Meeting the Challenges of Population Pressure, Land Degradation, and Poverty. Daniel Clay, Fidele Byiringiro, Jaakko Kangasniemi, Thomas Reardon, Bosco Sibomana, Laurence Uwamariya, and David Tardif-Douglin (#6)
  33. Effects of Market Reform on Access to Food by Low-Income Households: Evidence from Four Countries in Eastern and Southern Africa.T.S. Jayne, Lawrence Rubey, David Tschirley, Mulinge Mukumbu, Munhamo Chisvo, Ana Paula Santos, Michael T. Weber, and Patrick Diskin (#5)
  34. Improving the Measurement and Analysis of African Aricultural Productivity: Promoting Complementarities Between Micro and Macro Data.Valerie Kelly, Jane Hopkins, Thomas Reardon, and Eric Crawford (#4)
  35. Promoting Farm Investment for Sustainable Intensification of African Agriculture.Thomas Reardon, Eric Crawford, Valerie Kelly, and Bocar Diagana (#3)
  36. Trends in Real Food Prices in Six Sub-Saharan African Countries. T.S. Jayne, Mulinge Mukumbu, John Duncan, John Staatz, Julie Howard, Mattias Lundberg, Kim Aldridge, Bethel Nakaponda, Jake Ferris, Francis Keita, and Abdel Kader Sanankoua (#2)

Type of Resource Databases
Title FAOSTAT Databases
Author Food and Agriculture Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://apps.fao.org/cgi-bin/nph-db.pl?subset=agriculture
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Set of 17 agricultural databases and one population database. Includes individual country and regional data for 1961 - 1996. Please Note: The FAOSTAT Database is unavailable from 22:30 Sunday to 05:30 Monday Central European Time Includes: Production ( Primary Crops, Derived Crops, Live Animals, and Primary Livestock), Agricultural Production Indices, Trade (Primary & Derived Crops & Livestock and Live Animals), Trade Indices for Crops & Livestock, Food Balance Sheet, Producer Prices (Primary Crops and Primary Livestock), Land (Land Use and Irrigation) Means of Production (Agricultural Machinery, Fertilizers, Pesticides Trade, and Pesticides Consumption) and Population Annual Time Series.

Type of Resource 24 Research Reports (pdf format) and Abstratcs
Title Various - see below
Author Various - see below
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/index1.htm
Peer Review Yes
Abstract

Type of Resource Journal Paper Review
Title How has Indonesia's desire for food self sufficiency in rice compromised it's ability to address the issues of sustainable
Author Marc Small
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/ag-ind.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of two technical papers by: (1) Barbier, Edward B., 1989. "Cash Crops, Foods Crops, and Sustainability: The Case of Indonesia." World Development, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 879-895; and (2) Panayotou, Theodore, 1993. Green Markets: The Economics of Sustainable Development. San Fransisco, CA: Institute for Contemporary Studies Press. Addresses the question "How has Indonesia's desire for food self sufficiency in rice compromised it's ability to address the issues of sustainable agricultural development?"

Type of Resource Report
Title Agricultural Sustainability in Rapidly Industrializing Asian Economies
Author Ammar Siamwalla
Affiliation Thailand Development Research Institute
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EPdirect/EPan0007.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1996 report addresses issue of sustainable agriculture. "Agricultural policy analysts of an earlier generation held that getting agriculture to move is absolutely essential for overall economic development. However, we need to examine the problems rural people face when growth in non-agricultural sectors takes on a life of its own, and the umbilical cord that binds these sectors to agriculture is severed."

Type of Resource Review of Report
Title Food, Land, Population and the U.S. Economy
Author Dieoff
Affiliation Dieoff
Url http://dieoff.org/page40.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The following two pages are highlights of the study, "Food, Land, Population, and the U.S. Economy" by Drs. David Pimentel of Cornell University and Mario Giampietro of the Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione, Rome. This comprehensive assessment of U.S. population growth and its impact on America's agricultural productivity was commissioned by Carrying Capacity Network (CCN), a non-profit organization in Washington, DC which focuses on the interrelated nature of the economy, population growth, and environmental degradation.

Type of Resource Report
Title Food Security Situation and Issues in Europe
Author World Food Summit
Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WFS/resource/english/erc96-4e.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Report on food security in Europe and the region's role in global food security. Report results from a conference initiated by the World Food Summit's Committee on World Food Security to stimulate regional level discussions. Similar papers have been prepared for the other Regional Conferences held in the course of 1996.

Type of Resource Report
Title Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Africa Report Jan. 1996
Author FAO
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://cygnus.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Articles_Gen/fao96.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The latest available information suggests that cereal production in sub-Saharan Africa fell by some ten million tons in 1995 and is below trend. The decline is largely attributable to drought in southern Africa and poor crops in parts of eastern Africa. Food production continues to be undermined by the long term consequences of civil strife in several countries in the region. The drop in production comes at a particularly inopportune time. The world cereal market is tight: export prices are high and are expected to remain so well into 1996. This will hamper the chances of compensating for the fall by increasing commercial imports.

Type of Resource Journal Article Review
Title Has Zambia's Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E) approach to agricultural expansion facilitated sustainable development?
Author Marc Small
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/ag-zam.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of longer paper by Bezuneh, M., Ames, G.C.W., and Mabbs-Zeno, C. on Zambia's farming systems and research and extension programs to increase crops.

Type of Resource Journal Article Review
Title How has Indonesia's desire for food self sufficiency in rice compromised it's ability to address the issues of sustainable agricultural development?
Author Marc Small
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/ag-ind.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of two technical papers by: (1) Barbier, Edward B., 1989. "Cash Crops, Foods Crops, and Sustainability: The Case of Indonesia." World Development, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 879-895;and (2) Panayotou, Theodore, 1993. Green Markets: The Economics of Sustainable Development. San Fransisco, CA: Institute for Contemporary Studies Press. Addresses the question "How has Indonesia's desire for food self sufficiency in rice compromised it's ability to address the issues of sustainable agricultural development?"

Type of Resource Article
Title Is There Hope for Food Plenty in Africa?
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, October 1996
Affiliation International Food Research Policy Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_1096/nv_1096a.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "To most observers, the recent record of African food production points to a dismal future. For several decades, rapid population growth has outstripped the continents capacity to grow food. From 1980 to 1990, Africas population grew by 3 percent each year, while agricultural production lagged far behind--growing at just 1.8 percent a year. According to many researchers, however, there are little-known successes in African agriculture that are instructive for improving future food production there

Type of Resource Article
Title Can Russia Rise from Its Agricultural Slump?
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, October 1996
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_1096/nv_1096c.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "At present Russian agriculture is in disarray as a result of the general economic decline and the incomplete restructuring of the agriculture sector. A recent 2020 Vision discussion paper, Russia's Food Economy in Transition: Current Policy Issues and the Long-Term Outlook, examines long-term trends in production and consumption as Russia's food economy undergoes a fundamental transition. The paper, by Joachim von Braun, Eugenia Serova, Harm tho Seeth, and Olga Melyukhina, finds that economic restructuring has been accompanied by a 39 percent fall in GDP and by shrinking production of major food items, including grain, potatoes, milk, and meat. Overall agricultural production dropped by 21 percent from 1991 to 1994. "

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
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