POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Freshwater -
Availability
Last updated: 04/13/00
Site Map | Search | Feedback | Survey Bulletin Board | Bibliographic Resources | News 
National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Press Release (March 18, 1999)
Title Unsafe Water: 3.3 Billion Illnesses and 5.3 Million Deaths Yearly
Price Tab for Safe Water: $US50 to $US105 Per Person
Author Walter Rast, Tore J. Brevik, Robert Bisset, Marshall Hoffman
Affiliation United Nations Environment Program/United Nations University
Url http://www.unep.org/unep/per/ipa/pressrel/r03-1799.001
Peer Review No
Abstract Press Release in advance of World Day for Water, 22 March 1999 which notes that "Clean, safe water can be brought to the 1.4 billion people around the world without it for as little as $US50 per person, which can prevent many of the 3.35 billion cases of illness and 5.3 million deaths caused each year by unsafe water, says a United Nations analysis."

Type of Resource Report
Title Sustaining Water, Easing Scarcity: A Second Update
Author Tom Gardner-Outlaw and Robert Engelman
Affiliation Population Action International
Url http://www.populationaction.org/why_pop/water/water-toc.htm
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract Update for the 1993 report Sustaining Water: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies. Includes:

Type of Resource Report
Title Sustaining Water: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies
Author Robert Engelman and Pamela LeRoy
Affiliation Population Action International
Url http://www.cnie.org/pop/pai/h2o-toc.html
Peer Review Independent Peer-Review Process
Abstract Full text of 55-page, 1993 report by U.S.-based advocacy group which addresses fresh water resources and their relationship to population, health and development. Strategies and regional examples are discussed.Includes: Annual Renewable Fresh Water Available Per Person

Type of Resource 82 Short Reports + 82 Data Tables
Title AQUASTAT
Author Food and Agriculture Administration (FAO)
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FaoInfo/Agricult/AGL/AGLW/AQUASTAT/AQUASTAT.HTM
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract AQUASTAT is an information system on water in agriculture and rural development. It produces regional analyses and country profiles on water resources development, with emphasis on irrigation and drainage. Site presents a description of the rural water situation in 53 countries of the African continent and the 29 countries of the Near East region with relevant tables and maps. Also French and Espanol. Counties include: Afghanistan (Tables), Algeria (Tables), Angola (F) (Tables), Bahrain (Tables), Benin (F) (Tables), Botswana (Tables), Burkina Faso (F), Burundi (F) (Tables), Cameroon (F) (Tables), Cape Verde (F) (Tables), Central African Republic (F) (Tables), Chad (F), Comores (F) (Tables), Congo (F) (Tables), Côte d'Ivoire (F) (Tables), Cyprus (Tables), Djibouti (Tables), Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea (Tables), Ethiopia (Tables), Gabon (F) (Tables), Gambia (Tables), Ghana (Tables), Guinea (F) (Tables), Guinea-Bissau (F), Iran (Tables), Iraq (Tables), Jordan (Tables), Kenya (Tables), Kuwait (Tables), Kyrgyzstan (Tables) Lebanon (Tables), Lesotho (Tables), Liberia (Tables), Libya (Tables), Madagascar (F) (Tables), Malawi, Mali (F) (Tables), Malta (Tables), Mauritania (Tables), Mauritius (Tables), Morocco (Tables), Mozambique (Tables), Namibia (Tables), Niger (F) (Tables), Nigeria (Tables), Oman (Tables), Pakistan (Tables), Qatar (Tables), Rwanda (F) (Tables), Sao Tome & Principe (F), Saudi Arabia (Tables), Senegal (F) (Tables), Seychelles (Tables), Sierra Leone (Tables), Somalia (Tables), South Africa (Tables), Sudan (Tables), Swaziland, (Tables), Syria (Tables), Tanzania (Tables), Tajikistan, Togo (F) (Tables), Tunisia (Tables), Turkey (Tables), Turkmenistan (Tables), United Arab Emirates, Uganda (Tables), Yemen (Tables), Zaire (F) (Tables), Zambia (Tables), Zimbabwe (Tables). (F) = in French only.

Type of Resource Article
Title Population and Water
Author National Wildlife Federation Population and Environment Program
Affiliation National Wildlife Federation
Url http://www.nwf.org/international/pop/water.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Water scarcity is reaching alarming dimensions in response to the extremely rapid population growth. One could say that in a medium-term perspective, water will not be easily available to support both the new generations and the socio-economic development being sought after," warns Swedish hydrologist, Malin Falkenmark. Most conservationists and environmentalists endorse this view believing that at current rates of consumption, waste, and mismanagement, water, second only after oxygen for sustenance, will soon become acutely scarce in most part of the world."

Type of Resource Newstory
Title Report Finds World Water Supplies Dwindling While Demand Rises; World Food Production, Health, and Environment at Risk
Author Barbara Rose
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/pressrel/030997.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "A new report released today by a leading international research organization warns that water scarcity will become one of the world's main obstacles to feeding the world unless urgently needed policy reforms are made."

Type of Resource Article
Title Unless Water Policies Are Reformed, Water Scarcity Could Pose a Major Obstacle to Feeding the World
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, March 1997
Affiliation International Food Research Policy Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0397/nv_0397b.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Water scarcity could become one of the main obstacles to feeding the world unless urgently needed policy reforms are made, according to a new 2020 Vision discussion paper. While water supplies are dwindling because of groundwater depletion, waste, and pollution, demand is rising fast. Between 1950 and 1990, water use increased by more than 100 percent in North and South America, by more than 300 percent in Africa, and by almost 500 percent in Europe."

Type of Resource Article
Title Policy Changes Needed to Meet Threats to Land and Water
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, July 1995
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0795/nv_0795e.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Soil and water are the basic natural resources on which agriculture depends, and both are expected to come under serious pressure as the world population rises toward a projected total of 8 billion over the next 25 years. As the demand for water mounts, competition for water among agricultural, industrial, and residential purposes will increase within countries, and tensions between countries that share water basins could escalate into open conflict."

Type of Resource Article
Title Is Agriculture Raiding South Asia's Water Supplies? Water Scarcity and Water Reform in South Asia
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, April 1995
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0495/nv_0495a.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Water is increasingly scarce around the world. In South Asia, where half of the world's poor live, international water conflicts are brewing and riots over water are taking place with increasing frequency. Many researchers, environmentalists, and others believe that agriculture is using more than its fair share of the resource. Around the world and in South Asia, agriculture, on average, uses about 80 percent of the water supply in a given country."

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]