Biodiversity -
General Information
Last updated: 04/10/00
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Book
Title Human Population, Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Science and Policy Issues
Author Edited by Victoria Dompka
Affiliation The Population and Sustainable Development Program, American Association for the Advancement of Science
Url http://www.aaas.org/international/psd/biodint.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This book (full text available) is the product of a meeting held in April 1995 attended by representatives from 14 countries to discuss the human population's impact on biological diversity in protected areas. Includes: [1] Introduction, [2] Recommendations, [3] Overview Papers (I, II, III), [4] Case Studies (India, Kenya, Indonesia, Equador, U.S.A, Columbia), [5] Discussants (I, II)

Type of Resource 19 Articles + Photographs + Glossary
Title Various (see below)
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/biodiv/us-laws.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Information from a U.S.-based environmental think tank which describe different aspects of the issue, its programs, and related sites
  1. What is Biodiversity? (Overview, Policy Information, Facts and Figures)
  2. Natural Resources and Biodiversity (Overview, Policy Information, Facts and Figures)
  3. Genetic diversity (Variation Within Species, Problems of Genetic Uniformity,   Understanding Genetic Diversity, Related Links, Source)
  4. Ecosystems and habitats (Elements and Interactions, Ecological Processes,  Ecological Dynamics, Related Links, Source)
  5. The Diversity of Life -- genes, species, and ecosystems
  6. Convention on Biodiversity (Background, WRI Activities at the CBD COP4,  Key Articles and Themes, Supporting the Convention, Related Sites)
  7. Global Biodiversity Forum (GBF Information On-Line, Virtual Global Biodiversity Forum, Background and Purpose, Advisory Mechanism, Contact Information)
  8. Global Biodiversity Strategy (Background, Summary, Strategy information on-line,   Related Links)
  9. Cultural diversity (Cultural and Biological Diversity, Sustainable Use of Natural Resources, Loss of Nature, Loss of Culture, Related Links)
  10. Forest resources
  11. Coastal and marine resources (Biodiversity in Marine Ecosystems, Marine Species Richness and Conservation, Marine Biodiversity, Photos of Coral Reef Species, Reefs at Risk: A Map-Based Indicator of Threats to the World's Coral Reefs, Pressures on Marine Biodiversity, Sustainable Marine Resource Management, Drowning the National Heritage: Climate Change and U.S. Coastal Biodiversity, Coastlines at Risk, Tools for Protecting Marine Biodiversity, Information on Coral Reefs: Improving our Knowledge Base)
  12. Bioregional management (Defining a Bioregion, Elements and Dynamics of a Bioregion, Related Links, Source)
  13. Threats to Biodiversity (Overview, Policy Information, Facts and Figures)
  14. Conservation Guidelines (Overview, Policy Information, Facts and Figures)
  15. Agenda 21: Biological Diversity (Overview, Policy Opportunities, References, Other Sources of Information, PDF Version)
  16. Endangered Species Act (Listing Endangered Species, Protecting Endangered Species, Internet Resources)
  17. Federal Laws of the United States Relating to Biodiversity Conservation includes a list of U.S. Biodiversity Laws.
  18. International Environmental Agreements and Conventions
  19. Biological Diversity: What it is and Why it is Important
  20. Biodiversity Glossary of Terms

Type of Resource Report (part of)
Title Biodiversity for food and agriculture
Author Hope Shand
Affiliation Rural Advancement Foundation International
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EPdirect/EPre0039.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Posted 9 February 1998. "Presents key chapters from "Human Nature", a study prepared for a study prepared for FAO by the Rural Advancement Foundation International. Until recently, agriculture and nature conservation were often seen as being in opposition. Today, there is growing recognition that food security and the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity are inextricably linked. The Special covers biodiversity in crops, plants, farm animals, forests, fish and aquatic life, and soil." The full publication is available in Portable Document Format (PDF) at: http://www.rafi.ca/publications/human_nature.html

Type of Resource Bibliography
Title Sustainable Development/Economics-Biodiversity and Wildlife Management Bibliography
Author Tom Tietenberg
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/biomgmt.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Bibliography on biodiversity and wildlife management, primarily journals and books. They cover such topics as: extinction and market forces, conservation, tourism and coexistence. Specific area/countries referred to include: US, tropics, Zimbabwe, Africa, Kenya and Nigeria.

Type of Resource Report
Title Monitoring Environmental Progress: What Do we Know About Biodiversity?
Author The World Bank
Affiliation The World Bank
Url http://www-esd.worldbank.org/html/esd/env/publicat/mep/mep06.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1995 report "showcases improvements in Environmentally Sustainable Development indicators that help to analyze policy-oriented issues. Chapter on What Do We Know about Biodiversity? Includes:
  • Biodiversity Loss
  • A Comprehensive Approach to Conserving Biodiversity
  • On-Site and Off-Site Maintenance of Biodiversity
  • Where Biodiversity Is
  • Viability of Biodiversity
  • Location of Protected Areas
  • Shrinking Habitats
  • Future Considerations

Type of Resource report
Title Biodiversity
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/bi_txt1.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This is chapter 11 of World Resources 1996-97, an primary reference volume on global environmental and natural resource conditions and trends for the United Nations, World Bank, and related international organizations. Chapter includes:

Type of Resource Article
Title Do We Still Need Nature? The Importance of Biological Diversity.
Author Anthony C. Janetos
Affiliation U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Url http://www.gcrio.org/CONSEQUENCES/vol3no1/biodiversity.html
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract "The rich diversity of plants and animals that weaves the essential tapestry for life on Earth is fast declining. Rates of extinction are ever rising, and because of our own activities are at a minimum 50 to 100 times greater today than the natural background rate. What is lost when the number of species is diminished comes at great cost to national economies and to our own health and quality of life." A 1997 article in the journal Consequences.

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]