POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE

Biodiversity - Regional Examples/Protected Areas
Last updated: 04/10/00
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National Library for the Environment
 
Type of Resource Chapters of Book
Title Human Population, Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Science and Policy Issues; Case Studies: India, Kenya, Equador, Indonesia, U.S.A., Columbia
Author Various (see below)
Affiliation Various (see below)
Url Various (see below)
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract

Type of Resource Short Report
Title Biodiversity-Rich Ecoregions in Africa Need Protection
Author Ashbindu Singh, Bhaskar Ramachandran, Gene Fosnight, Sean Chenoweth, and Tom Crawford
Affiliation United Nations Environment Programme
Url http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/publications/biodiversity/biodiversity.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract issues are summarized and policy recommendations made. Includes Introduction, Areas analyzed (the African continent , the African Great Lakes Region), Protected Areas of Africa, Protected Areas in the African Great Lakes Region, Population Density and Protected Areas of the African Great Lakes Region, and Summary for Policy makers.

Type of Resource Report
Title State of the Environment CHINA 1997 - Biodiversity
Author Jianguo Wang
Affiliation State Environmental Protection Administration, China
Url http://svr1-pek.unep.net/soechina/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Report provides overview of environmental conditions in China, includes chapter on Biodiversity

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Author M. Lynne Corn, Lawrence C. Kumins, Pamela Baldwin
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/biodv-14.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1996 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is an area rich in fauna, flora, and oil potential, where development has been debated for over 36 years. Current law forbids oil and gas leasing. Development proponents argue that any ANWR oil would help insulate energy markets from recur-ring crises in the Middle East, could be developed safely, improve the balance of payments, boost North Slope oil production and the economic viability of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), and create numerous jobs in Alaska and elsewhere. Opponents argue that ANWR's intact ecosystem is more valuable than its oil, should be legally designated as wilderness; and that any oil found would not provide lasting energy security and could be replaced by a variety of cost-effective alternatives."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE
Author M. Lynne Corn & Susan R. Fletcher
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/biodv-16.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1997 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "The conservation of African elephants has been controversial recently on two fronts: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES, to which the United States is a party), and a Zimbabwean program for sustainable development called CAMPFIRE, which is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The members of CITES recently voted to down-list elephant populations in three African nations, thereby allowing limited trade in elephant products from those countries. The United States voted against the change. USAID's role in CAMPFIRE is supported by some conservation and hunting organizations and opposed by some animal welfare organizations, which also claim violations of U.S. laws prohibiting lobbying by recipients of federal grants. Opponents are asking Congress to restrict appropriations for CAMPFIRE in the foreign operations bill."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Reintroduction of Wolves
Author Jennifer A. Heck
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/biodv-13.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1992 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "Wolves were once the most widely distributed mammal on Earth other than man. By 1970, the two North American species - red wolves and gray wolves - had been eliminated nearly everywhere in the United States except Alaska. Following the listing of red wolves under the Endangered Species Act in 1973, a Red Wolf Recovery Program was initiated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). There is also great interest in reintroducing the endangered gray wolf to portions of its former habitat in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming, including especially Yellowstone National Park. Gray wolf reintroduction has received Federal appropriations annually since 1988, resulting in numerous studies but little definitive action on the issue. This report provides background on both species, examines their decline, and summarizes congressional actions on wolf reintroduction since the 100th Congress."

Type of Resource Report
Title Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Program Mission Statement
Author Devra Kleiman, Adelmar Coimbra-Filho, Benjamin Beck, Lou Ann Dietz, James Dietz, Jonathan Ballou, Andrew Baker, Alfred Rosenberger
Affiliation Various, document prepared under auspice of Smithsonian Institute, U.S.A.
Url http://www.si.edu/organiza/museums/zoo/zooview/glt/mstate.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Program is an international conservation initiative established to formulate and implement an integrated strategy for the preservation of the critically endangered golden lion tamarin and its habitat, the Atlantic Coastal Rainforests of Southeastern Brazil. This 1991 plan notes that its endangered status is related to " deforestation and habitat degradation continue to increase as Brazil's growing population converges on the developed and urban areas."

Type of Resource Bibliography
Title Sustainable Development/Economics-Biodiversity and Wildlife Management Bibliography
Author Tom Tietenberg
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/biomgmt.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Bibliography on biodiversity and wildlife management, primarily journals and books. They cover such topics as: extinction and market forces, conservation, tourism and coexistence. Specific area/countries referred to include: US, tropics, Zimbabwe, Africa, Kenya and Nigeria.

Type of Resource article
Title Climate Change: The Arctic
Author Climate Change Campaign
Affiliation World Wide Fund for Nature
Url http://www.panda.org/climate/arctic/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract An Issue summary of Arctic wildlife and Climate Change from the World Wildlife Fund, a U.S.-based environmental organization. "Arctic ecosystems are characterized by complex interrelationships between species and their physical environment. The life of a particular species is an intricate tapestry of land and ice conditions, seasonal changes, and interdependencies on other plants and animals. As a result, climate-induced changes that affect one part of a species life cycle can have wide-reaching effects on the ecosystem as a whole ."

Type of Resource article
Title Federal Laws of the United States Relating to Biodiversity Conservation
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/biodiv/us-laws.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract List of U.S. Biodiversity Laws

Type of Resource article
Title Biodiversity in Freshwater Ecosystems
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/biodiv/b03-gbs.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Freshwaters are also home to a tremendous diversity of fish, amphibians, aquatic plants, invertebrates, and microorganisms. The Amazon River alone contains an estimated 3000 species of fish--only 25 percent less than the total number of mammals worldwide. And freshwater biodiversity is among the most poorly known on Earth. Scientists believe that Thailand may have as many as 1000 species of freshwater fish, but only some 475 have actually been recorded. "

Type of Resource Maps, Data sets
Title Mozambique Data Sets
Author Global Resources Information Database
Affiliation United Nations Environment Programme
Url http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/mozambique/start.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract A set of six maps of Mozambique which show:
  • Population Density and Protected Areas
  • Digital Elevation model
  • Drainage Basins
  • Land Cover
  • Shaded Relief
  • Source Map
  • Data Sources

Type of Resource Report
Title Biodiversity and Landscape Planning: Alternative Futures for the Region of Camp Pendleton, California
Author Carl Steinitz, Michael Binford, Paul Cote, Thomas Edwards, Jr., Stephen Ervin, Richard T. T. Forman, Craig Johnson, Ross Kiester, David Mouat, Douglas Olson, Allan Shearer, Richard Toth, Robin Wills
Affiliation Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Utah State University, the National Biological Service, the USDA Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, and the Biodiversity Research Consortium, with the cooperation of the two relevant regional planning agencies, the San Diego Association of Governments and the Southern California Association of Governments, and Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
Url http://www.gsd.harvard.edu/brc/brc.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This 1996 study explores how urban growth and change in the rapidly developing region between San Diego and Los Angeles might influence the biodiversity of the area.