POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Coasts & Oceans -
Policies, Laws & Treaties
Last updated: 04/13/00
Site Map | Search | Feedback | Survey Bulletin Board | Bibliographic Resources | News 
Type of Resource Treaty Chapter
Title Agenda 21: Chapter 17. Protection of the oceans, all kinds of seas, including enclosed and semi-enclosed seas, and coastal areas and the protection, rational use and development of their living resources
Author United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.cnie.org/agenda21/a21-17.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Text of Chapter 17 of the Treaty adopted at the 1992 United Nations Confrence on Environment and Development (UNCED - the "Earth Summit") in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Type of Resource 24 Nontechnical Reports
Title Briefing Reports on Marine Issues
Author Various
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/crsmar.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract Reports are produced as nonpartisan briefing documents for the U.S. Congress.

Outer Continental Shelf: Oil and Gas Leasing and Revenue (10/15/99 ~ 8p.)
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 106th Congress (10/13/99 ~9p.)
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA):
Budget Activities and Issues for the 106th Congress
(8/20/99~15p. in 2 sections)
The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy (7/12/99~12 p.~4 sec.)
The Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Problem: Status and Legislative Issues (6/11/99~6p)
Methane Hydrates: Energy Prospect or Natural Hazard? (2/8/99 ~ 3p.)
Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law (1/22/99 ~ 6p.)
The Maritime Security Program (MSP) in an International Commercial Context: A Discussion (10/28/98 ~ 9p.)
Fishery, Aquaculture and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 105th Congress (10/28/98~19 p.~2 sec.)
Maritime Economic Regulation and the 105th Congress (11/13/98~9 p.)
Oceans Act in the 105th Congress: Bills Relating to a U.S. Oceans Policy (7/29/98 ~ 3p.)
Pfiesteria and Related Harmful Blooms: Natural Resource and Human Health Concerns (12/8/97~24p. in 2 sections.)
Marine Mammals in Captivity - Background and Management Issues in the United States (5/5/97~30 p. in 3 sections)
Commercial Fishing: Economic Aid and Capacity Reduction (4/14/97~31p.in 3 sections)
Law of the Sea; The International Seabed Authority - Its Status and U.S. Participation Therein (9/16/96~7 p.)
Dolphin Protection and Tuna Seining (8/29/97 ~ 16 p.)
Pfiesteria: Natural Resource and Human Health Concerns (9/23/97~8p.)
Commercial Fishing: Economic Aid and Capacity Reduction (4/14/97~31p.in 3 sections)
Norwegian Commercial Whaling: Issues for Congress (12/31/96 ~ 8 p.)
Magnusson Fishery Conservation and Management Act Reauthorization (12/4/96 ~ 15 p.)
International Environment: Current Major Global Treaties (11/5/96 ~ 4 p.)
Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters (1/5/96 ~ 16 p.)
Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management (11/25/95 ~ 23 p.)
Federal Agency Programs in Living Aquatic Resources and Aquatic Habitat Protection (8/15/95 ~ 102 p.)
Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate, Marine Mammal Issues (5/12/95 ~ 16 p.)
Social Aspects of Federal Fishery Management (4/21/95 ~ 15 p.)
The Northern Right Whale (4/14/95 ~ 5 p.)
Summaries of Major Laws Implemented by the National Marine Fisheries Service (3/24/95 ~ 29 p.)
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna: International Management of a Shared Resource (3/8/95 ~ 26 p.)
Overcapitalization in the U.S. Commercial Fishing Industry (2/22/95 ~ 15 p.)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions (12/19/94 ~ 6 p.)
Marine Mammal Protection Act: Amendments of 1994 (9/28/94 ~ 9 p.)
Freshwater Mussels (7/14/94 ~ 3p.)
Aquaculture and the Federal Role (11/9/93 ~ 15 p.)


Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions
Author Eugene H. Buck
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/mar-9.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1994 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "On November 16, 1994, the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS Convention) entered into force, but not for the United States. The LOS Convention was the culmination of more than 10 years of intense negotiation. However, the United States chose not to participate in this Convention in the early 1980s without changes to parts dealing with deep seabed mineral resources beyond national jurisdiction. After a 1994 Agreement amended parts of the LOS Convention dealing with deep seabed mineral resources, the LOS Convention, Annexes, and Agreement package was formally submitted to the U.S. Senate on October 7, 1994, for advice and consent to accession and ratification (Senate Treaty Doe. 103-39) and is awaiting Senate action. This short report describes provisions of the Convention relating to living marine resources and discusses how these provisions comport with current U.S. marine policy."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy
Author Marjorie Ann Browne
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/mar-16.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1998 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "As of July 28, 1998, the 1982 U.N. Law of the Sea Convention, with 127 parties, and the 1994 Agreement amending that Convention were in force, but without U.S. ratification. The Convention remained pending before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Under provisions of the Agreement, the United States provisional membership in the International Seabed Authority and its bodies ends on November 16, 1998. . . . From the perspective of the United States, some of the most significant areas addressed by the Convention deal with naval power and maritime commerce, coastal State interests, marine environment protection, marine scientific research, and international dispute settlement."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Federal Agency Programs in Living Aquatic Resources and Aquatic Habitat Protection
Author Eugene H. Buck
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/wet-3.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1995 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "This report identifies the activities of Federal executive agencies related to living aquatic (freshwater and marine) resources (including fisheries and marine mammals), and aquatic habitats." Agencies include:

Type of Resource Bibliography
Title Selected Sources... Sustainable Fisheries
Author Unknown
Affiliation International Institute for Sustainable Development
Url http://iisd1.iisd.ca/ic/info/ss9505.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This site contains a list of references to publications, including books, journal articles, organization articles and conference proceedings, on such topics as, marine aquaculture, marine policies, marine fisheries, law of the sea, marine conversation, and more. Some references include abstracts. Canadian site.

Type of Resource Statement
Title Norwegian Management of Marine Resources
Author Nytt fra Norge for Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Affiliation Norwegian Gorvernment
Url http://odin.dep.no/ud/nornytt/uda-247.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Discusses sustainable fisheries and the dependence on them of coastal populations and settlements along the Norwegian coast. Attributes current positive development in most important for Norwegian fisheries to management policy, based on advice from Norwegian marine scientists and the International Council for Exploration of the Sea. Addresses sustainable harvesting, global resource management, stock estimates, responsible fishing, multi-species management, practical experience, environment and climate and International cooperation.

Type of Resource Policy Document
Title Town of Owl's Head, Maine: Comprehensive Plan: Goals and Policies for Marine Resources
Author Mid-Coast Regional Planning Commission and Owl's Head Comprehensive Planning Committee
Affiliation State of Maine, U.S.A.
Url http://www.midcoast.com/~planning/marine.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Plan for the future management and development of the coastal town of Owl's Head in the state of Maine, United States. In addition to addressing usage and pollution issues, it also aims "to discourage encroaching residential development in the vicinity of the harbor through land use controls."

Type of Resource Report
Title Population and Development in Coastal Areas
Author National Ocean Service (NOS)
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the U.S. Departmnet of Commerce
Url http://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/projects/population/population.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary information on the population in United States coastal counties and coastal watersheds and construction taking place. Links to reports and data with more detailed information including:

Type of Resource Database
Title Coastal Assessment Framework
Author Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment (OCRA) within the National Oceans Service (NOS)
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmosphice Administration (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Url http://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/projects/caf/caf.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The Coastal Assessment Framework (CAF) is a digital spatial framework developed using geographic information systems technology, which allows resource managers and analysts to organize and present information on the nation's [U.S] coastal and marine resources. The CAF provides a consistently derived,watershed-based digital spatial framework for managers and analysts to organize and present information on the nation's coastal, near-ocean, and Great Lakes' .

Type of Resource Policy Document
Title Map of Residential Units Authorized for Construction in U.S. Coastal Counties 1970-1989
Author Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment (OCRA) within the National Oceans Service (NOS)
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmosphice Administration (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce
Url http://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/projects/population/housing_cnty.gif
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Map of Residential Units Authorized for Construction in U.S. Coastal Counties 1970-1989

Type of Resource Article
Title Ecuador's Coastal Resources Management Program
Author Donald D. Robadue, Jr., Luis Arriaga
Affiliation Coastal Resources Center, The University of Rhode Island
Url http://brooktrout.gso.uri.edu/Ecuador_Related_Items.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The roots of coastal management in Ecuador are recent. In 1981, Ecuador held its first workshop, sponsored by the United Nations, on the problem of its rapidly degrading coastal resources. In 1985, the U.S. Agency for International Development began funding a nine-year project through the University of Rhode Island's Coastal Resources Center. The Ecuador Coastal Resources Management Project has provided extensive technical assistance, and has generated a wide range of practical experiences for Ecuadorian management specialists, local leaders, resource users, and citizens in the process of crafting a coastal management program for the ..."

Type of Resource Survey
Title Nicaragua Coastal Area Monitoring Project
Author Patrick Christie
Affiliation University of Michigan
Url http://brooktrout.gso.uri.edu/nicaragua.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Describes, in survey form, the current coastal management program in Nicaragara. The focus of this project is to develop and assess participatory methods for coastal monitoring and management.It highlights environmental areas program is addressing as well as legal and regulatory efforts. Budget and staffing information given. Publications listed and contact for getting publications.

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Maritime Economic Regulation and the 105th Congress
Author Stephen J Thompson
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/mar-17.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1998 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "This issue brief first describes current maritime economic regulation, then the changes in such regulation proposed by [legislation] S. 414. Next, the issue brief discusses changes in S. 414 that some proposed before the Senate passed the bill. The issue brief discusses some economic issues associated with maritime economic regulation and S. 414, including how it might affect ports, members of shore-side labor unions, ocean common carriers, and consumers generally. The issue brief describes the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC or Commission) and its various functions. The issue brief makes some observations about how maritime economic regulation and antitrust exemptions compare with that of railroads and trucking."