POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Coasts & Oceans -
Regional Examples
Last updated: 04/13/00
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Type of Resource Database
Title Database of Integrated Coastal Management Efforts Worldwide
Author University of Rhode Island's Coastal Resources Center
Affiliation University of Rhode Island
Url http://brooktrout.gso.uri.edu/ICZM_Country_Files_Region.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The purpose of the database is to provide a standardized file on each coastal nation or semi-sovereign state that has, or is developing, a coastal management program. Each file is listed alphabetically and regionally. Under "Related Items", short articles relevant to the nation's coastal program have been reprinted from CRC's global newsletter, InterCoast Network. Data was collected through surveys which focused on topics such as: coastal issues addressed by program geographic coverage approximate budget and donors governance aspects management techniques, personnel employed, and many others (please see individual country files) Please note: It is important to realize that the database is far from complete and this initiative is a first step towards the creation of a more comprehensive information source. CRC has relied upon the survey information submitted to create this database and recognizes the need to develop it further"

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Pfiesteria and Related Harmful Blooms: Natural Resource and Human Health Concerns
Author Eugene H. Buck, Claudia Copeland, Jeffrey A. Zinn, Donna U. Vogt
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/mar-23.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1997 report produced as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "Congress, federal agencies, and affected states are seeking to better understand Pfiesteriapiscicida (a recently identified species of dinofiagellate) and related species, whose blooms release toxins that can harm fish and possibly human health under certain conditions. Although menhaden, an industrial fish used primarily in fishmeal and oil production, is the dominant species observed to have been killed by these organisms, consumers have reduced their purchases of Chesapeake Bay seafood after extensive media coverage highlighted toxic events. . . Many scientists believe that nutrient enrichment of waters plays a role in Pfiesteria outbreaks, but the exact mechanisms are unclear. Some agricultural activities, especially large livestock facilities, are concentrated sources of nutrients, which can leach into ground and surface waters. In Maryland, phosphorous from these sources has attracted considerable attention, because it is often the limiting factor whose increase encourages blooms of aquatic organisms such as Pfiesteria. However, agricultural interests believe that this attention unfairly singles out agriculture, and they are investigating alternative explanations. Most agree that more investigation is required to develop a better understanding of the role of nutrient pollution."

Type of Resource Policy Document
Title Town of Owl's Head, Maine: Comprehensive Plan: Goals and Policies for Marine Resources
Author Mid-Coast Regional Planning Commission and Owl's Head Comprehensive Planning Committee
Affiliation State of Maine, U.S.A.
Url http://www.midcoast.com/~planning/marine.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Plan for the future management and development of the coastal town of Owl's Head in the state of Maine, United States. In addition to addressing usage and pollution issues, it also aims "to discourage encroaching residential development in the vicinity of the harbor through land use controls."

Type of Resource Report
Title Population and Development in Coastal Areas
Author National Ocean Service (NOS)
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the U.S. Departmnet of Commerce
Url http://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/projects/population/population.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary information on the population in United States coastal counties and coastal watersheds and construction taking place. Links to reports and data with more detailed information.

Type of Resource Database
Title Population Estimates for U.S. Estuarine and Coastal Drainage Areas
Author National Oceans Service (NOS)
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmospheric Aministration (NOAA) within the U.S. Department of Commerce
Url http://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/projects/population/population_estimate.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Population estimates for U.S. Estuarine and Coastal Drainage Areas. Data is separated into tables for North Atlantic, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Pacific, and Great Lakes.

Type of Resource Policy Document
Title Map of Residential Units Authorized for Construction in U.S. Coastal Counties 1970-1989
Author Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment (OCRA) within the National Oceans Service (NOS)
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmosphice Administration (NOAA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce
Url http://seaserver.nos.noaa.gov/projects/population/housing_cnty.gif
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Map of Residential Units Authorized for Construction in U.S. Coastal Counties 1970-1989

Type of Resource Article
Title Ecuador's Coastal Resources Management Program
Author Donald D. Robadue, Jr., Luis Arriaga
Affiliation Coastal Resources Center, The University of Rhode Island
Url http://brooktrout.gso.uri.edu/Ecuador_Related_Items.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The roots of coastal management in Ecuador are recent. In 1981, Ecuador held its first workshop, sponsored by the United Nations, on the problem of its rapidly degrading coastal resources. In 1985, the U.S. Agency for International Development began funding a nine-year project through the University of Rhode Island's Coastal Resources Center. The Ecuador Coastal Resources Management Project has provided extensive technical assistance, and has generated a wide range of practical experiences for Ecuadorian management specialists, local leaders, resource users, and citizens in the process of crafting a coastal management program for the ..."

Type of Resource Survey
Title Nicaragua Coastal Area Monitoring Project
Author Patrick Christie
Affiliation University of Michigan
Url http://brooktrout.gso.uri.edu/nicaragua.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Describes, in survey form, the current coastal management program in Nicaragara. The focus of this project is to develop and assess participatory methods for coastal monitoring and management.It highlights environmental areas program is addressing as well as legal and regulatory efforts. Budget and staffing information given. Publications listed and contact for getting publications.

Type of Resource News Story
Title Large Scale Aquaculture, Shrimp Farms Spell Trouble for Environment
Author Acres USA
Affiliation Acres USA
Url http://www.voyagepub.com/publish/stories/0996mar6.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Sometimes an environmental "solution" is worse than the problem it was designed to solve. Observers certainly wonder if that's the case with shrimp fishing and aquaculture."

Type of Resource Article
Title Norwegian Management of Marine Resources
Author Norwegian Gorvernment-Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Affiliation Norwegian Gorvernment-Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Url http://odin.dep.no/ud/nornytt/uda-247.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Discusses sustainable fisheries and the dependence on them of coastal populations and settlements along the Norwegian coast. Attributes current positive development in most important for Norwegian fisheries to management policy, based on advice from Norwegian marine scientists and the International Council for Exploration of the Sea. Addresses sustainable harvesting, global resource management, stock estimates, responsible fishing, multi-species management, practical experience, environment and climate and International cooperation.