POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Coasts & Oceans - Coral Reefs
Last updated: 04/13/00
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Type of Resource Report
Title State of the Reefs: Regional and Global Perspectives, May 1995
Author Stephen C. Jameson, John W. McManus, and Mark D. Spalding
Affiliation National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Jameson), International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (McManus), World Conservation Monitoring Centre (Spalding)
Url http://www.ogp.noaa.gov/misc/coral/sor/
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Report on declining coral reef ecosystems. Addresses stresses such as over exploitation of reef resources especially near centers of human population, pollution, poor land use practices and increased sedimentation. Recommends Integrated Coastal Zone Management, capacity building in governing country, and Improved Scientific Understanding of Coral Reef Ecosystems.

Type of Resource Article
Title Coral Reefs: An Endangered Ecosystem
Author The Coral Reef Alliance
Affiliation The Coral Reef Alliance
Url http://www.coral.org/Trade.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Statement on threats to coral reefs around the world by a U.S.-based advocacy group: "Coral reefs are among the world's most fragile and endangered ecosystems. They host an extraordinary variety of marine plants and animals and are one of the most biologically diverse ecosystems in the world. They are a significant source of food to low-income coastal communities, a source of income and employment through tourism and marine recreation, and offer countless other benefits to humans, including unique chemicals with medicinal properties. Despite this, coral reefs around the world are rapidly being degraded by a number of human activities including over-fishing, coastal development, and the introduction of sewage fertilizer and sediment. Trade in reef species is a strong additional pressure on this already highly threatened ecosystem.

Type of Resource Linklist
Title Climate Change: Coral Reefs
Author Climate Change Campaign
Affiliation World Wide Fund for Nature
Url http://www.panda.org/climate/coral/
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract An Issue summary of Coral Reefs and Climate Change World Wildlife Fund, a U.S.-based environmental organization. "Coral reefs are one of the oldest types of living systems on Earth and the variety of life they support rivals that of the tropical forests of the Amazon or New Guinea. In the tropical Pacific, for example, reefs may be home to more than 1,300 species of fish. These biological wonders have survived tens of thousands of years of natural change, but many of them may not be able to survive the havoc wrought by humankind."