POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Development and Economics -
General Information
Last updated: 04/13/00
Site Map | Search | Feedback | Survey Bulletin Board | Bibliographic Resources | News 
Report of the Hague Forum on ICPD+5 is a February 1999 update on progress made toward implementing the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD - the "Cario Conference") in Cairo, Egypt.

Earth Summit+5: progress on the road from Rio  is a June 1997 update on the progress made toward implementing Agenda 21 which was adopted at the 1992 United Nations Confrence on Environment and Development (UNCED - the "Earth Summit") in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

 

 

Type of Resource Article
Title A Southern Dialogue: Articulating Visions of Sustainable Development
Author Youba Sokona et al.
Affiliation Global Environmental change and Human Security Project
Url http://www.gechs.org/aviso/Aviso5Eng.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "This issue of Aviso is a collaborative effort by authors in Argentina, Canada, India, Senegal, and Sweden, who are taking a pro-active role in supporting the establishment of a Southern Dialogue. We envisage a Southern Dialogue initiative, by and for Southern organizations. The Dialogue would focus on common themes comprising a range of activities (see Text Box 1) implemented by core institutions in each of three regions (Africa, Asia and Latin America). The core institutions would coordinate activities through broad regional networks of organizations working in the fields of environment and development to facilitate Southernwide discussions."  The issue goes on to identify three key objectives of sustainable development from Southern perspectives:
  • strengthening Southern institutions working in the fields of environment and development;
  • providing a sustained forum for discussing and articulating Southern visions of sustainable development; and
  • supporting the implementation of local, regional and national strategies for sustainable development. (1999)

 


Type of Resource Report chapters and summary
Title Earth Summit+5
Author United Nations
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EPdirect/EPre0028.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Posted 25 July 1997. "The UN General Assembly held a Special Session in June 1997 to assess progress in implementation of Agenda 21, the programme adopted by the 1992 Earth Summit. We publish a series of eight FAO progress reports on key Agenda 21 issues, including: planning and management of land resources, combating deforestation, combating desertification and drought, sustainable mountain development, sustainable agriculture and rural development, conservation of biological diversity, climate change and sustainable energy. Also in French and Spanish." includes:

Type of Resource 6 Documents
Title International Conference on Population and Development
Author United Nations Population Fund
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.unfpa.org/publications/pubmain.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Site includes:

Type of Resource Report Chapter
Title Interrelationships Betweeen Population, Sustained Economic Growth and Sustainable Development
Author United Nations International Conference on Population & Development
Affiliation International Accord among Nations
Url http://www.iisd.ca/linkages/Cairo/program/p03000.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Chapter 3 of the "Programme of Action" of the 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population & Development. Provides policy statements on: A. Integrating population and development strategies, B. Population, sustained economic growth and poverty, and C. Population and environment. Each section includes Basis for action, Objectives and Actions

Type of Resource 9 Reports
Title Human Development Reports
Author Human Development Report Office team, "in consultation with eminent economists and distinguished development professionals"
Affiliation United Nations Development Programme
Url http://www.undp.org/hdro/about.htm
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract The Human Development Reports, published annually are a comprehensive guide to global

human development. "The Reports contain thought provoking analyses of major issues, updated Human Development Indicators that compare the relative levels of human development of over 175 countries, and agendas to help transform development priorities." Available reports are:


Type of Resource 42 Data tables
Title Human Development Indicators: Statistics from the 1998 Human Development Report
Author Human Development Report Office
Affiliation United Nations Development Programme
Url http://www.undp.org/hdro/indicators.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Statistics draw from the 1998 annual Human Development Report. Includes:

For all countries:

For Developing Countries:

For Industrial Countries:

  • Human poverty profile and index
  • Women's access to education
  • Women's participation in economic and political life
  • Health profile
  • Education profile
  • Profile of people in work
  • Unemployment
  • Access to information and communications
  • Social stress and social change
  • Aid flows (disbursed)
  • Aid flows (received)
  • Military expenditure and resource use imbalances
  • Financial inflows and outflows
  • Growing urbanistaion
  • Population trends
  • Energy use
  • Profile of environmental degradation
  • Managing the environment
  • National income accounts
  • Trends in economic performance

  • Type of Resource Report
    Title World Without End: Economics, Environment, and Sustainable Development: A Summary
    Author David W. Pearce and Jeremy J. Warford
    Affiliation World Bank
    Url http://www.worldbank.org/html/extpb/reports/worldEnd.html
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract A lengthy summary of a World Bank report. Addresses the economics of issues such as [1] Sustainable Development, [2] Resource Degradation: Causes and Policy Response, and [3] International Environmental Issues.

    Type of Resource Magazine Articles
    Title Do We Consume Too Much?
    Author Mark Sagoff (University of Maryland) -- plus counterpoints from Paul R. Ehrlich (Stanford University), Gretchen C. Daily (Stanford University), Scott C. Daily (Stanford University), Norman Myers (Oxford University), and James Salzman (American University).
    Affiliation Articles published in The Atlantic Monthly
    Url Original article: http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97jun/consume.htm
    Counterpoint: http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97dec/enviro.htm
    Reply: http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/98mar/9803lett.htm#advice and consent
    Peer Review No
    Abstract
    • Original article, June, 1997 "Discussions of the future of the planet are dominated by those who believe that an expanding world economy will use up natural resources and those who see no reasons, environmental or otherwise, to limit economic growth. Neither side has it right"
    • Counterpoint: December, 1997: "In his recent article regarding the state of our planet, 'Do We Consume Too Much?' Mark Sagoff.... has done a disservice to the public by promoting once again the dangerous idea that technological fixes will solve the human predicament."
    • March, 1998 reply to counterpoint from Sagoff

    Type of Resource Book Summary
    Title 1998 World Development Indicators
    Author The World Bank
    Affiliation The World Bank
    Url http://www.worldbank.org/wdi/wdi/wdi.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Summary of book featuring 600 indicators in nearly 80 tables is organized in six sections (click for summary only): overview, people, environment, economy, states and markets, and global links. "It provides an expanded view of development for 148 economies and key indicators for 61 more, small economies." Forward, Contents, Index, Users Guide, Partners and How to Order book are also available.

    Type of Resource 373 Documents
    Title The Cairo Conference Home Page
    Author Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB)
    Affiliation International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
    Url http://www.iisd.ca/linkages/cairo.html
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Site contains numerous documents pertaining to the 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt. The site is maintained by a IISD, a Canadian non-govenmental organization with a mission is to promote sustainable development in decision making internationally and within Canada. Site includes: The Final ICPD Programme of Action agreed to in Cairo and Summary by EBN, 26 UN Documents from the Conference; the full text of 41 statements by United Nations Agency, 119 by Governments, and 30 by Non-governmental Organizations, 7 Photos, 145 Press Releases and Speeches, 9 articles from Women's Feature ServiceInter-Press Services, and Third World Network, and WEDO Fact Sheet on Human Rights. In addition there are links to documentation prepared before the Cairo Conference and other background information. Some information is in gofer format and some also in French and Spanish.

    Type of Resource Paper
    Title Analytical Tools for Human Development
    Author United Nations Development Program (UNEP)
    Affiliation United Nations
    Url http://www.undp.org/undp/hdro/anatools.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract "This paper briefly presents the analytical tools developed in the Human Development Reports since their inception in 1990 and describes their potential uses in national settings." . . . "They provide user friendly methods for the analysis of human development at the international, national and sub-national levels - means for assessing [human development] situations, trends and gaps."

    Type of Resource Bibliography
    Title Sustainable Development/ Economics-Population Bibliography
    Author Tom Tietenberg
    Affiliation Colby College
    Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/pop.html
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Bibliography on subjects related to population. References are almost all to journals and books. References cover such subject areas as: population, food, economics, fertility, demographics, environment, watersheds, climate change, energy and immigration. Specific areas/countries cited include: Sweden, Rwanda, Egypt, Singapore, Zaire, China, Australia, New Zealand, US.

    Type of Resource Report
    Title Basic Economic Indicators
    Author World Resources Institute
    Affiliation World Resources Institute
    Url http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/96tocful.html
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract This site is chapter 7 of the report World Resources 1996-97, a primary reference volume on global environmental and natural resource conditions and trends for the United Nations, World Bank, and related international organizations. As a printed book, the whole report is 384 p., including 162 pages of data tables (economic tables in pdf format are located at http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/wr96dtei.pdf and cover 150 countries.)

    Type of Resource Linklist
    Title Why Population Matters
    Author Population Action International
    Affiliation Population Action International
    Url http://www.populationaction.org/why_pop/whypop.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Has links to entire PAI report on population growth and development

    Type of Resource Article
    Title Population and Development: Perspective on a Teaching Challenge
    Author Leslie Dawson
    Affiliation World Resources Institute
    Url gopher://eelink.umich.edu:70/00/.v-x/wripopdev.read
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Short article provides advice to k-12 (students below 18) teachers on approaching the topic of population and development. CLEARING magazine is for K-12 teachers and others involved in environmental education.

    Type of Resource Fact Sheet
    Title Health and Environment in Sustainable Development
    Author World Health Organization (WHO)
    Affiliation World Health Organization (WHO)
    Url http://www.who.org/pll/dsa/justpub/hesd.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Fact Sheet No 170, June 1997 addresses:
    • Poor environment means poor health
    • Population growth, poverty and pollution
    • Vector-borne diseases and environment
    • The risk of chemicals
    • WHO's leading role

    Type of Resource Book Summary
    Title 1998 World Development Indicators
    Author The World Bank
    Affiliation The World Bank
    Url http://www.worldbank.org/wdi/wdi/wdi.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Summary of book featuring 600 indicators in nearly 80 tables is organized in six sections (click for summary only): overview, people, environment, economy, states and markets, and global links. "It provides an expanded view of development for 148 economies and key indicators for 61 more, small economies." Forward, Contents, Index, Users Guide, Partners and How to Order book are also available.

    Type of Resource Technical Report
    Title Environmental Regulation and Development: A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis
    Author Susmita Dasgupta, Ashoka Mody, Subhendu Roy, David Wheeler
    Affiliation World Bank
    Url http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/work_paper/1448/index.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract "This [1995] paper develops comparative indices of environmental policy and performance for thirty-one countries, using a quantified analysis of reports prepared for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). In cross-country regressions, we find a very strong, positive association between our indicators and the level of economic development, particularly when the latter is adjusted for purchasing power parity. Our results suggest a characteristic progression in the development process, from protection of natural resources to regulation of water pollution and finally, air pollution control. They also highlight the importance of institutional development, with significant roles for degree of private property protection, effectiveness of the legal/judicial system and efficiency of public administration. "

    Type of Resource Report
    Title Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 1996
    Author The World Bank
    Affiliation The World Bank
    Url http://www.worldbank.org/html/extpb/gep96eng/gep96en-home.html
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract 1996 report provides a "comprehensive presentation of data and a review of development on external debt of and financial flows to developing countries. " sumarry in html format, full report in pdf format requiring Adobe Acrobat or eqivalent software. Includes:
    • Sharp disparities in the speed of global integration
    • Favorable long-run prospects for the growth and integration of developing countries
    • Regional summaries
      -- East Asia
      -- South Asia
      -- Latin America and the Caribbean
      -- Europe and Central Asia
      -- Middle East and North Africa
      -- Sub-Saharan Africa

    Type of Resource Report
    Title Monitoring Environmental Progress
    Author The World Bank
    Affiliation The World Bank
    Url http://www-esd.worldbank.org/html/esd/env/publicat/mep/mep.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract 1995 report "showcases improvements in Environmentally Sustainable Development indicators that help to analyze policy-oriented issues. Real improvement will depend on an unprecedented level of collaboration within the international community, dealing with more than indicators. Hence, while this publication is rich in "products" such as new indicators and innovative concepts, it is really about empirical processes." Includes:

    Type of Resource Data/tables
    Title Global Approach to Environmental Analyses
    Author The World Bank
    Affiliation The World Bank
    Url http://www-esd.worldbank.org/html/esd/env/publicat/mep/gaeatoc.htm
    Peer Review Unknown Review Process
    Abstract Global approach to Environmental Analyses is the technical underpinning of empirical work given in World Bank report Monitoring Environmental Progress (MEP). It provides a detailed description of the components and methods used to construct the indicators appearing in the main body of MEP. Includes tables on:
    • Saving and Wealth
    • Distribution Corrected GNP and Wealth
    • Rental Rates for Minerals and Crude Oil
    • Carbon Dioxide and other Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    • Tax and Subsidy Rates
    • Metals and Minerals (Consumption)
    • Suspended Particulate Matter (Hypothetical Generation)
    • Forest Cover and Rates of Change

    National Council for Science and the Environment
    "Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
    1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
    Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]