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Report of the Hague Forum on ICPD+5 is a February 1999 update on progress made toward implementing the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD - the "Cario Conference") in Cairo, Egypt.

Earth Summit+5: progress on the road from Rio  is a June 1997 update on the progress made toward implementing Agenda 21 which was adopted at the 1992 United Nations Confrence on Environment and Development (UNCED - the "Earth Summit") in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Type of Resource Text of agreement, speeches, reports, meeting materials
Title The United Nationas General Assembly: Special Session on the International Conference on Population and Development 30 June - 2 July 1999.
Author United Nations
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.unfpa.org/icpd/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Site includes:

Type of Resource 47 Reports and Documents, 14 Press Releases
Title Implementing the Decisions of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD): 5-year Review and Appraisal of Implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action (ICPD+5)
Author United Nations Population Fund
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/icpd5.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Site includes:

The Hague Forum, 8-12 February, 1999

1994 International Conference on Population and Development

Meeting Reports

  1. Report of the Round Table on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: Key Future Actions, New York, 14-17 April 1998.
  2. Report of the Round Table on Ensuring Reproductive Rights and Implementing Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes Including Women’s Empowerment, Male Involvement and Human Rights Kampala, Uganda 22-25 June 1998
  3. Technical Symposium on International Migration and Development, The Hague, 29 June-3 July 1998
  4. Report of the Round Table on Partnership with Civil Society to Implement the ICPD - Programme of Action. Dhaka, Bangladesh 27-30 July 1998
  5. Technical Meeting on Reproductive Health Services in Crisis Situations, Rennes, France, 3-5 November 1998
  6. Report of the Technical Meeting on Population Ageing

Other Reports and Documents

ICPD+5 Information for Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Press Releases

Background Documentation on the United Nations Commission on Population and Development


Type of Resource 6 Documents
Title International Conference on Population and Development
Author United Nations Population Fund
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.unfpa.org/publications/pubmain.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Site includes:

Type of Resource Treaty Text
Title International Conference on Population and Development: Programme of Action
Author United Nations
Affiliation
URL http://www.cnie.org/pop/icpd/
Peer Review Negotiation Review Process
Abstract This Programme of Action was the result of the 1992 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt.  The chapters of the Programme of Action address various aspects of the relationship between population and environment. Includes:
  1. Preamble
  2. Principles
  3. Interrelationships between population, sustained economic growth and sustainable Development
  4. Gender equality, equity and empowerment of women
  5. The family, its roles, rights, composition and structure
  6. Population growth and structure
  7. Reproductive rights and reproductive health
  8. Health, morbidity and mortality
  9. Population distribution, urbanization and internal migration
  10. International migration
  11. Population, development and education
  12. Technology, research and development
  13. National Action
  14. International cooperation
  15. Partnership with the non-governmental sector
  16. Follow-up to the conference

Type of Resource Treaty Text
Title Agenda 21
Author United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.cnie.org/agenda21/
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Text of the Treaty adopted at the 1992 United Nations Confrence on Environment and Development (UNCED - the "Earth Summit") in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  Includes chapters on: 1.  Preamble, 2.  International cooperation, 3. Combating poverty, 4. Changing consumption patterns, 5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability, 6. Protecting and promoting human health conditions, 7. Promoting sustainable human settlement development, 8. Integrating environment and development in decision-making, 9. Protection of the atmosphere, 10. Integrated approach to the planning and management of land resources, 11. Combating deforestation, 12. Managing fragile ecosystems: combating desertification and drought, 13. Managing fragile ecosystems:  sustainable mountain development, 14. Promoting sustainable agriculture and rural development, 15. Biological diversity, 16. Biotechnology, 17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources, 18. Freshwater resources, 19. Toxic chemicals, 20. Hazardous wastes, 21.Solid wastes and sewage-related issues, 22. Radioactive wastes, 23. Major Groups - Preamble, 24. Women, 25. Global action for  towards sustainable and equitable development, 26. Indigenous people and their communities, 27. Non-governmental organizations, 28. Local authorities, 29. Workers and their trade unions, 30. Business and industry, 31. Scientific and technological community,  32. Farmers, 33.Financial resources and mechanisms, 34. Trnsfer of environmentally sound technology, cooperation and capacity-building, 35. Science for sustainable development, 36. Promoting education, public awareness and training, 37. National mechanisms and international cooperation for capacity-building in developing countries, 38. International institutional arrangements, 39. International legal instruments and mechanisms, 40. Information for decision-making


Type of Resource 373 Documents
Title The Cairo Conference Home Page
Author Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB)
Affiliation International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Url http://www.iisd.ca/linkages/cairo.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Site contains numerous documents pertaining to the 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt. The site is maintained by a IISD, a Canadian non-governmental organization with a mission is to promote sustainable development in decision making internationally and within Canada. Site includes: The Final ICPD Programme of Action agreed to in Cairo and Summary by EBN, 26 UN Documents from the Conference; the full text of 41 statements by United Nations Agency, 119 by Governments, and 30 by Non-governmental Organizations, 7 Photos, 145 Press Releases and Speeches, 9 articles from Women's Feature Service Inter-Press Services, and Third World Network, and WEDO Fact Sheet on Human Rights. In addition there are links to documentation prepared before the Cairo Conference and other background information. Some information is in gofer format and some also in French and Spanish.

Type of Resource Report
Title Sustainable America: A New Consensus for Prosperity, Opportunity, and A Healthy Environment for the Future, February 1996
Author President's Council on Sustainable Development
Affiliation Individuals from diverse backgrounds appointed by the President of the United states
Url http://www.whitehouse.gov/PCSD/Publications/TF_Reports/amer-top.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The President's Council on Sustainable Development was created in June, 1993, by President William Clinton to advise him on sustainable development. This is the first report of the Council. The report includes: Preface, Definition and Mission Statement, "We Believe" statement, Introduction, [1] National Goals Toward Sustainable Development, [2] Building a New Framework for a New Century, [3] Information and Education, [4] Strengthening Communities, [9] Natural Resources Stewardship, [5] U.S. Population and Sustainability, [6] International Leadership.

Type of Resource Report
Title The Road to Sustainable Development: A Snapshot of Activities in the United States, March, 1997
Author President's Council on Sustainable Development
Affiliation Individuals from diverse backgrounds appointed by the President of the United states
Url http://www.whitehouse.gov/PCSD/Publications/Snapshot.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The President's Council on Sustainable Development was created in June, 1993, by President William Clinton to advise him on sustainable development. This is the first report of the Council. The report includes a sampling of activities in: the Business Community, Nongovernmental Organizations and Academic Institutions, Federal Government, and Regional, State and Community Efforts.

Type of Resource 40 Nontechnical Reports
Title Briefing Reports on Issues Related to Environment and Economics
Author Various
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/crsecon.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract Reports are produced as nonpartisan briefing documents for the U.S. Congress.

China-U.S. Trade Issues (11/10/98~15p. 2 sections)
Cooperative R&D: Federal Efforts to Promote Industrial Competitiveness (11/09/98~10 p.)
Trade and the Americas (11/06/98~23 p.~2 sec.)
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts (10/29/98~16p.3 sections)
Fast-Track Negotiating Proposals: A Comparison of H.R. 2621 and S. 1269 (9/15/98~5 p.)
Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview (6/17/96~6p.)
Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation (8/3/98~16 p.)
Maritime Economic Regulation and the 105th Congress (7/29/98~9 p.)
Major Tax Issues in the 105th Congress: A Summary (7/10/98~25 p.)
Trade Agreements: Renewing the Negotiating and Fast-Track Implementing Authority (6/30/98~28 p.)
Manufacturing, Technology and Competitiveness (6/15/98~20 p.)
Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade (10/21/97~10 p.)
The Research and Experimentation Tax Credit (7/14/98~11p.)
Gasoline Excise Tax -- Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet (9/16/1997 ~2 p.)
Fast Track Trade Authority Proposals:Which Environmental Issues Are
Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives? (10/17/97 ~ 5 p.)
Fast Track Authority: Which Environmental Issues Are "Directly Related to Trade?" (10/2/97 ~ 6 p.)
Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority:Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal (10/1/97 ~ 2 p.)
Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives (10/22/97 ~ 5 p.)
Major Tax Issues in the 105th Congress: A Summary (9/17/97 ~ 11 p.)
NAFTA: Related Environmental Issues and Initiatives (5/9/97~6p.)
Air Quality: EPA's Proposed New Ozone and Particulate Matter Standards (1/15/97 ~ 18 p.)
Congressional Budget Actions in 1997 (1/8/97 ~ 8 p.)
Appropriations for FY1997: VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies (11/20/96 ~ 23 p.)
Appropriations for FY1997: Overview (10/11/96 ~ 21 p.)
Transportation and the FY1997 Budget (10/4/96 ~ 14 p.)
Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health (6/7/96 ~ 4 p.)
Gasoline Excise Tax -- Historical Revenues: Fact Sheet (5/10/96 ~ 2 p.)
Property Rights: Comparison of H.R. 9 as Passed and S. 605 as Reported (3/7/96 ~ 16 p.)
State Operation of National Parks During Government Budgetary Shutdowns? (2/1/96 ~ 4 p.)
Court Rulings During 1994 on Constitutional Takings Claims Against the United States (7/11/95 ~ 6 p.)
Unfunded Mandate Reform Act: A Brief Summary (3/17/95 ~ 2 p.)
Overcapitalization in the U.S. Commercial Fishing Industry (2/22/95 ~ 15 p.)
PILT (Payment in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified (2/9/95 ~ 10 p.)
The Property Rights Issue (1/20/95 ~ 24 p.)
An Introduction to Farm Commodity Programs (7/20/94 ~ 6 p.)
Mining Law Reform: The Impact of a Royalty (5/12/94 ~ 12 p.)
GATT Trade Liberalization, and the Environment: An Economic Analysis (4/5/94 ~ 14 p.)
Federal Sales of Natural Resources: Allocation and Pricing Systems (12/16/93 ~ 6 p.)
Excise Tax Financing of Federal Trust Funds (1/5/93 ~ 39 p.)
Environmental Policy and the Economy: Conflicts and Concordances (1/10/95 ~ 40 p.)


Type of Resource Article
Title Population and Consumption: Redefining Happiness
Author National Wildlife Federation Population and Environment Program
Affiliation National Wildlife Federation
Url http://www.nwf.org/international/pop/consume.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Americans use more resources, and produce more waste than even the rest of the industrialized nations, using almost five and a half times more energy per capita than the global average. So what does this mean?"

Type of Resource Report
Title Population and Development:Implications for the World Bank
Author World Bank and Population Reference Bureau
Affiliation World Bank and Population Reference Bureau
Url http://www.worldbank.org/html/hcovp/popu/POPDEV.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Lengthy summary of report of same title. "There is an emerging consensus, as reflected in the draft declaration for the 1994 [Cairo] conference, that population policy objectives should be integrated with broader social development goals and that population program strategies should build on the linkages between demographic behavior and social and economic progress. .. . .This report examines the changes in population dynamics and in the policy environment that have produced this consensus and explores their policy and operational implications for the World Bank's population work."

Type of Resource Journal Article
Title Population Policy: Consensus and Challenges
Author Lori S. Ashford and Jeanne A. Noble
Affiliation Population Reference Bureau
Url http://www.gcrio.org/CONSEQUENCES/vol2no2/article3.html
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract "The conference in Cairo, two years ago, marked a turning point in how nations view the challenge of containing global population growth. Out of Egypt came a harder look at the social roots of the problem, and the hope of broadening the focus from simple birth control to concerns regarding the health and human rights of those who bear children." 1996 article in the journal Consequences.

Type of Resource Article
Title Growth Management in Florida
Author Florida Internet Community for Understanding Sustainability
Affiliation University of South Florida: School of Architecture and Community Planning
Url http://www.arch.usf.edu/ficus/develop/chap12/chap12-1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Chapter 12 of a book about environmental issues in the state of Florida in the United States. Addresses [1] Population Growth and Land Use, [2] Managing Florida's Growth, [3] Florida's Comprehensive Planning History, [4] Growth Management's Future, [5] For More Information.

Type of Resource Report
Title Mozambique Project Document
Author Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP)
Affiliation United Nations Development Programme
Url http://www3.undp.org/countries/af/mzpdoc.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Mozambique is undergoing a process of rapid socio-political, economic, and institutional transformation. After 16 years of a tearing civil war, the country has in the last three years successfully implemented the peace agreement, held general elections, inaugurated a new administration and begun the process of reconstruction."

Type of Resource Article
Title Urbanization and Agriculture to the Year 2020
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, April 1996
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0496/nv_0496a.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Article about the relationship between increasing urbanization of the world's population and agriculture The following is the author's abstract: "At present, the global population is half rural and half urban, but the world's - cities are swelling. By 2025, two-thirds of the world s people will live in urban areas, and 80 percent of these urban residents will live in developing countries. As urbanization increases, policymakers in developing countries will be challenged to design ways to feed their cities ideally by relying mostly on their countries' own agriculture sectors. They must also work to prevent undernutrition, cope with changing diets among urban

Type of Resource Article
Title Sprawl is Bustin' Out All Over
Author Deron Lovass
Affiliation Zero Population Growth
Url http://www.zpg.org/sprawl.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Article from "ZPG Reporter", the publication of the advocacy group Zero Population Growth. Discusses the issue of "urban sprawl" in the United States and advocates policies and actions for the reader.

Type of Resource Article
Title RAPID Project
Author The Futures Group International
Affiliation The Futures Group International
Url http://www.tfgi.com/projects/rapbroc.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Description of the "RAPID" project RAPID being implemented by the U.S.-based organization The Futures Group in collaboration with the Research Triangle Institute, and is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development. Project provides services related to population issues including technical services, training, subproject support, technology transfer, policy seminar organization, and ..

Type of Resource Report
Title Guidelines for the United Nations Resident Coordinator System
Author Inter-Agency Task Force on the Implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action
Affiliation United Nations Population Fund
Url gopher://fpa003.unfpa.org:70/00/taskforce/guide/pref.txt
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This report is part of the follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), (Cairo Conference) of 1994. This report was written to enhance the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action at the country level under the leadership of the United Nations Resident .

Type of Resource Technical Paper
Title Does environmental regulation matter? Determinants of the location of new manufacturing plants in India in 1994
Author Muthukumara Mani, Sheoli Pargal, Mainul Huq
Affiliation World Bank
Url http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/work_paper/1718/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The cost of complying with environmental regulations has been cited as a major regulatory burden on businesses. Since new firms are not restricted in their choice of location by sunk costs, an examination of new firm location choices across jurisdictions with varying environmental stringency would allow an assessment of the importance of this factor. This paper uses a unique establishment level dataset from India to test this proposition. A conditional logit model is used to estimate the impact of different variables on firm profits as reflected in firm location decisions. After controlling for the impact of factor price differentials, infrastructure, and agglomeration, the number of proposed new plants in different states of India does not appear to be adversely affected by the stringency of environmental enforcement at the state level."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Trade and the Americas
Author Raymond J. Ahearn
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/econ-28.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1998 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "At the Summit of the Americas held in Miami during December 1994, 34 hemispheric leaders agreed to create a "Free Trade Area of the Americas" (FTAA) by 2005. Three and a half years later, at the second Summit of the Americas held April 18-19 in Santiago, Chile, the leaders formally launched the FTAA negotiations, in accordance with the March 1998 Ministerial Declaration of San Jose. " Issues addressed include:
  • An invitation extended to Chile to join the North America Free Trade Area
  • Preferential tariff treatment for countries of the Caribbean and Central America.
  • Movement towards an FTAA.