POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Development and Economics -
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Last updated: 04/13/00
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Type of Resource 55 Reports
Title 1996 National Human Development Reports
Author United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/undp/hdro/outlines.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "More than 100 countries have published National Human Development Reports with UNDP

UNDP support. These reports are prepared by national teams through a process of consultation with the government and its development partners. The reports bring national human development concerns to the limelight, advocating a more people centered approach to policy making. By providing comprehensive human development indicators and indices, the reports help to monitor progress and setbacks in human development and poverty at the national-level."


Type of Resource Reports and Congressional Testimony on 85 Countries
Title U.S. Agency for International Development Activities Around the World
Author U.S. Agency for International Development
Affiliation U.S. Agency for International Development
Url http://www.info.usaid.gov/site_index.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Reports and congressional testimony on the activities of the U.S. Agency for International Development is countries around the world. Often includes CIA factbook and statistics of heath and development as well as additional information resources:
USAID in Africa - Overview
Albania
Angola
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh
Belarus
Benin
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burundi
Cambodia
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Georgia
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Israel
Jamaica
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Lebanon
Liberia
Lithuania
Madagascar
Malawi
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Mali
Mexico
Moldova, Republic of
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Senega
Environment Resources for Serbia
Slovakia (Slovak Republic)
Slovenia
Somalia
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Type of Resource 25 Reports
Title Various (see below)
Author Various
Affiliation U.S. Agency for International Development
Url http://www.info.usaid.gov/environment/greencom/pubs2.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Reports on environment and development issues in specific countries.

Environmental Education & Communication Assessments:

  1. People and Their Environment: Environmental Education and Communication in Five African Countries, 1996. Synthesis of EE&C assessments from Guinea, Madagascar, Namibia, The Gambia, and Uganda. -- Also available in French, Populations et Environnement. 40 pgs.
  2. Environmental Education and Communication Assessment: The Rural Code Process in Niger, by Evelyne Guindon-Zador, 1995. -- Also available in French, L'Evaluation de la Sensibilization et de la Communication sur l'Environnement: Le Processus du Code Rural au Niger. 57 pgs.
  3. Institutional Assessment of Mexican Environmental NGOs, by Russell Davenport, 1995. Profiles programs, organizational structures, gender considerations, and training and institutional development needs of fourteen NGOs involved in natural resource management. 113 pages.
  4. Environmental Education and Communication Assessment of Madagascar, by Richard Grieser, 1994. 62 pgs.
  5. Environmental Education and Communication in Uganda, by R. Ted Field, 1994. 87 pgs.
  6. Environmental Education and Communication Inventory in Guinea, by Regis Maubrey, 1994. 61 pgs.
  7. Organizations and Resources for Environmental Education in The Gambia, by Irma Allen, 1994. 106 pgs. Document number PNABX060.

Environmental Policy

  1. Fostering Sustainable Cities: The Role of Environmental Education and Communication, by Paula Tarnapol Whitacre, 1996. 32 pgs.
  2. The Applied Behavior Change (ABC) Framework: Environmental Applications, by B.A. Day, and W.A. Smith, 1996. 8 pgs.

Gender Issues

  1. Summary of Gender-Related Research Findings and Recommendations for the Pilot Environmental Communication Campaigns from Palawan, Davao del Sur & Cebu Provinces, the Philippines, by Nancy Diamond and Barbara Rawlins, 1997. 36 pgs.
  2. Issues in Urban and Rural Environments: GreenCOM Gender Reports, by Mona Grieser and Barbara Rawlins, 1996. Report summarizes GreenCOM's integration of gender concerns into all project work, with specific examples from individual projects. 13 pgs.
  3. Gender and Recycling: Qualitative Phase, Quito, Ecuador, by Francisca Rivadeneira, et. al., 1996. Summary report of formative research results. 21 pgs.
  4. Recycling by Men and Women in Quito Neighborhoods: Findings and Implications, by Orlando Hernández and Barbara Rawlins, 1996. Examines the results of pilot recycling program in Quito and why recycling rates are falling over time. 45 pgs.

Biodiversity Conservation

  1. School/Community Links in Environmental Education, A Review of the factors of success in the Chongololo Clubs of Zambia, by Bruce K. Downie, 1998. 41 pgs.
  2. Forest Management by Nepali Communities, by New Era, 1997. 129 pgs.
  3. Participation in the Aprovechamiento Program and Turtle Protection Behaviors in the Buffer Zone of the La Flor Refuge, Nicaragua: Exploratory Qualitative Study, by Orlando Hernández, Reva Schwartz, Efren Martin Pineda, Meg Braddock, Silvia Rurh Hernandez, 1997. 44 pgs.
  4. Making Biodiversity Happen: The Role of Environmental Education and Communication, by Pat Foster-Turley, 1996. 30 pgs.

Solid Waste Management and Recycling

  1. Gender and Recycling: Qualitative Phase, Quito, Ecuador, by Francisca Rivadeneira, et. al., 1996. Summary report of formative research results. 21 pgs.
  2. Recycling by Men and Women in Quito Neighborhoods: Findings and Implications, by Orlando Hernández and Barbara Rawlins, 1996. Examines the results of pilot recycling program in Quito and why recycling rates are falling over time. 45 pgs.
  3. Principal Results of a Market Study for a New Garbage Collection Service, by Elizabeth Mills Booth, Orlando Hernández, and Julia Helena Carrillo, 1995. Research findings on knowledge, attitudes, and practices in Machala, Ecuador, related to solid waste. 43 pgs.

Water Resource Management

  1. Initiative for Sustainable Development: Haitian Urban Sanitation Project, by Lonna Shafritz, and Peter Gottert, 1996. Report summarizes activities implemented in Cité Soleil on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince, Haiti in connection with the management of a water distribution system. 34 pgs.
  2. Farmer Awareness and Behavior Related to Limited Water: A Study in Three Egyptian Governorates, by Water Communication Unit, Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, Egypt, 1996. 69 pgs.
  3. Institutional Development Plan for Establishing the Water Communication Unit in the Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, by John Woods, 1996. 33 pgs.
  4. Jordan Water Conservation Education Project: Final Evaluation Report, by Orlando Hernández, et. al., 1996. Summarizes evaluation of teachers and students after implementation of curriculum in secondary school "eco-clubs." 114 pgs.
  5. Water and Antiquity, by Cherie Lenzen, 1996. Surveys water and conservation practices from antiquity through descriptions of sites in modern-day Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Oman, and the Palestinian areas. 26 pgs.

Type of Resource 59 Technical Papers (pdf format)
Title Various (see below) -- Subject is Development and the Environment in Africa
Author U.S. Agency for International Development
Affiliation U.S. Agency for International Development
Url http://www.info.usaid.gov/sdpsge/pubs/pubs.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Reports describe work of the U.S. Agency for International Development
  1. Proceedings of the USAID Natural Resources Management and Environmental Policy Conference: Banjul, The Gambia / January 18-22, 1994 (SD Technical Paper no. 2, November 1994) (385K)
  2. Agricultural Research in Africa: A Review of USAID Strategies and Experience (SD Technical Paper no. 3, December 1994) (556K)
  3. Regionalization of Research in West and Central Africa: A Synthesis of Workshop Findings and Recommendations (Banjul, The Gambia. March 14-16, 1994) (SD Technical Paper no. 4, December 1994) (151K)
  4. Developments in Potato Research in Central Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 5, December 1994) (365K)
  5. Maize Research Impact in Africa: The Obscured Revolution / Summary Report (SD Technical Paper no. 6, December 1994) (169K)
  6. Maize Research Impact in Africa: The Obscured Revolution / Complete Report (SD Technical Paper no. 7, December 1994) (1320K)
  7. Urban Maize Meal Consumption Patterns: Strategies for Improving Food Access for Vulnerable Households in Kenya (SD Technical Paper no. 8, May 1995) (120K)
  8. Targeting Assistance to the Poor and Food Insecure: A Literature Review (SD Technical Paper no. 9, May 1995) (213K)
  9. Understanding Linkages among Food Availability, Access, Consumption, and Nutrition in Africa: Empirical Findings and Issues from the Literature (SD Technical Paper no. 11, August 1995) (226K)
  10. Market-Oriented Strategies to Improve Household Access to Food: Experiences from Sub-Saharan Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 12, August 1995) (289K)
  11. GIS Technology Transfer: An Ecological Approach Final Report (SD Technical Paper no. 17, May 1996) -- main text (418K); appendixes 1-4 (1291K); appendixes 5-11 (1294K)
  12. Environmental Guidelines for Small-Scale Activities in Africa: Environmentally Sound Design for Planning and Implementing Humanitarian and Development Activities (SD Technical Paper no. 18, June 1996) (833K)
  13. Comparative Analysis of Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Programs in Eastern Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 19, June 1996) (171K)
  14. Comparative Analysis of Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Programs in Eastern Africa / Annex (SD Technical Paper no. 20, June 1996) (212K)
  15. Comparative Transportation Cost in East Africa: Executive Summary (SD Technical Paper no. 21, June 1996) (129K)
  16. Comparative Transportation Cost in East Africa: Final Report (SD Technical Paper no. 22, April 1997)
  17. Comparative Analysis of Structural Adjustment Programs in Southern Africa: With Emphasis on Agriculture and Trade (SD Technical Paper no. 23, June 1996) (434K)
  18. Endowments in Africa: A Discussion of Issues for Using Alternative Funding Mechanisms to Support Agricultural and Natural Resources Management Programs (SD Technical Paper no. 24, August 1996) (198K)
  19. Effects of Market Reform on Access to Food by Low-Income Households: Evidence from Four Countries in Eastern and Southern Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 25, August 1996) (517K)
  20. Promoting Farm Investment for Sustainable Intensification of African Agriculture (SD Technical Paper no. 26, August 1996) (163K)
  21. Improving the Measurement and Analysis of African Agricultural Productivity: Promoting Complementarities Between Micro and Macro Data (SD Technical Paper no. 27, August 1996) (206K)
  22. Promoting Food Security in Rwanda through Sustainable Agricultural Productivity (SD Technical Paper no. 28, August 1996) (895K)
  23. Methodologies for Estimating Informal Crossborder Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 29, August 1996) (107K)
  24. A Guide to the Gender Dimension of Environment and Natural Resources Management: Based on Sample Review of USAID NRM Projects in Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 30, August 1996) (139K)
  25. A Selected Bibliography on Gender in Environment and Natural Resources: With Emphasis on Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 31, August 1996) (221K)
  26. Comparative Cost of Production Analysis in East Africa: Implications for Competitiveness and Comparative Advantage (SD Technical Paper no. 32, October 1996) (535K)
  27. Analysis of Policy Reform and Structural Adjustment Programs in Malawi: With Emphasis on Agriculture and Trade (SD Technical Paper no. 33, October 1996) (391K)
  28. Structural Adjustment and Agricultural Reform in South Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 34, October 1996) (336K)
  29. Policy Reforms and Structural Adjustment in Zambia: The Case of Agriculture and Trade (SD Technical Paper no. 35, October 1996) (243K)
  30. Analysis of Policy Reform and Structural Adjustment Programs in Zimbabwe: With Emphasis on Agriculture and Trade (SD Technical Paper no. 36, October 1996) (188K)
  31. Trends in Real Food Prices in Six Sub-Saharan African Countries (SD Technical Paper no. 39, December 1996) (480K)
  32. Cash Crop and Foodgrain Productivity in Senegal: Historical View, New Survey Evidence, and Policy Implications (SD Technical Paper no. 40, December 1996) (652K)
  33. Bilateral Donor Agencies and the Environment: Pest and Pesticide Management (SD Technical Paper no. 42, December 1996) (472K)
  34. Commercialization of Research and Technology (SD Technical Paper no. 43, March 1997) (402K)
  35. Basic Guide to Using Debt Conversions (SD Technical Paper no. 44, March 1997) (179K)
  36. Considerations of Wildlife Resources and Land Use in Chad (SD Technical Paper no. 45, March 1997) (369K)
  37. Checkoffs: New Approaches to Funding Research, Development, and Conservation (SD Technical Paper no. 53, April 1997) (229K)
  38. Proceedings of the Workshop on Commercialization and Transfer of Agricultural Technology in Africa, Accra, Ghana, November 4-7, 1996 (SD Technical Paper no. 57, July 1997) (675K)
  39. Unrecorded Cross-Border Trade between Kenya and Uganda: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Mayfair Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6, 1996 (SD Technical Paper no. 58, July 1997) (250K)
  40. Unrecorded Cross-Border Trade between Kenya and Uganda: Implications for Food Security (SD Technical Paper no. 59, June 1997) (623K)
  41. Comparative Costs of Transport -- The Northern Tier Countries of the Greater Horn of Africa (SD Technical Paper no. 60, July 1997) (3,231K)
  42. Comparative Costs of Transport -- The Northern Tier Countries of the Greater Horn of Africa: Executive Summary (SD Technical Paper no. 61, July 1997) (478K)
  43. Stimulating Indigenous Agribusiness Development in Zimbabwe: A Concept Paper (SD Technical Paper no. 72, August 1997) (161K)
  44. Stimulating Indigenous Agribusiness Development in the Northern Communal Areas of Namibia: A Concept Paper (SD Technical Paper no. 73, August 1997) (121K)
  45. Agricultural Technology Development Transfer in Africa: Impacts Achieved and Lessons Learned (SD Technical Paper no. 77, November 1997) (301K)

Other reports

  1. African NGO Participation in Natural Resource Policy Reform (November 1993) (191K)
  2. An Analysis of 10 African Natural Resources Management Practices (ARTS Technical Paper no. 8, October 1993) (432K)
  3. Dryland Management and the USAID Response in Africa: Combatting Desertification through Development (ARTS Technical Paper no. 6, May 1993) (139K)
  4. Food Sector Instability and Food Aid in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Food Security (ARTS Technical Paper no. 10, January 1994) (369K)
  5. The GIS Handbook (ARTS Technical Paper no. 11, January 1994) (529K)
  6. The Impact of Agricultural Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Proceedings(ARTS Technical Paper no. 3, June 1993) (280K) (French version: L'Impact de la Technologie Agricole en Afrique Sub-Saharienne, ARTS Technical Paper no. 3F, September 1993, 165K)
  7. "Lessons and Key Issues: Agricultural Technology Development and Transfer Collaborators Workshop" -- June 28-30, 1993, Washington, D.C. (27K)
  8. Non-Governmental Organizations and Natural Resources Management in Africa: A Literature Review (451K)
  9. Proceedings of the Agricultural Technology Development and Transfer Collaborators Workshop -- June 28-30, 1993, Washington, D.C. December 1994 (130K)
  10. Proceedings of the East Africa Agricultural Research Networking Workshop (ARTS Technical Paper no. 4, October 1993) (229K)
  11. Recent Reforms in Natural Resources Management in Africa: Trends in the Roles of Public-Sector Institutions (ARTS Technical Paper no. 9, October 1993) (230K)
  12. Towards a Sustainable Future for Africa (ARTS Technical Paper no. 5, April 1993) (282K)
  13. USAID Conference on Agricultural Marketing and Agribusiness in Africa: The Proceedings (ARTS Technical Paper no. 7, May 1993) (1107K)
  14. "Workshop Synopsis: Technology Development and Transfer Collaborators Workshop" -- January 24-27, 1995, Harare, Zimbabwe (47K)

 


Type of Resource Report
Title State of the Environment CHINA 1997
Author Jianguo Wang
Affiliation State Environmental Protection Administration, China
Url http://svr1-pek.unep.net/soechina/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Report provides overview of environmental conditions in China, includes:

Type of Resource Magazine Article
Title Our Real China Problem
Author Mark Hertsgaard
Affiliation Article published in The Atlantic Monthly
Url http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97nov/china.htm
Peer Review No
Abstract November, 1997 article: "The price of China's surging economy is a vast degradation of the environment, with planetary implications. Although the Chinese government knows the environment needs protection, writes the author, who spent six weeks inside China investigating the growing environmental crisis, it fears that doing the right thing could be political suicide"

Type of Resource Report
Title National Perspectives on Population and Development
Author United Nations Population Fund
Affiliation United Nations
Url gopher://fpa003.unfpa.org:70/11/taskforce/natreps
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract A synthesis of 168 national reports prepared for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. For many countries, these reports represent the most comprehensive survey of population and development issues ever assembled. Includes: Overview, The Interrelationships Between Pop., Devel. & the Environment, The Role and Status of Women, Political Commitment to Population Concerns, Implications of Population Growth and Structure, Improving Health Conditions, Influencing Fertility, Internal and International Migration.

Type of Resource Paper
Title Human Development: An African Perspective
Author Sadig Rasheed and Eshetu Chole
Affiliation United Nations Development Program (UNEP)
Url http://www.undp.org/undp/hdro/oc17.htm#p1
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1994 paper reviews "the serious deterioration in human conditions in Africa", and concludes that many factors need addressing. "What makes this challenge particularly daunting is that Africa's current population of 622 million is growing at the fast rate of 3.1 per cent. Without a reduction of this rate of increase and the implementation of comprehensive human-centered development strategies and policies, the sheer explosion in numbers will translate itself into unmanageable pressure on social services and a further deepening of the economic, human and environmental crises."

Type of Resource Report
Title Mozambique Project Document
Author Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP)
Affiliation United Nations Development Programme
Url http://www3.undp.org/countries/af/mzpdoc.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Mozambique is undergoing a process of rapid socio-political, economic, and institutional transformation. After 16 years of a tearing civil war, the country has in the last three years successfully implemented the peace agreement, held general elections, inaugurated a new administration and begun the process of reconstruction."

Type of Resource Report
Title SDNP Malawi Project Document
Author Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP)
Affiliation United Nations Development Programme
Url http://www3.undp.org/countries/af/mwpdoc.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The SDNP will help Malawi develop the capacity to do this and to acquire the information, know how and technology to implement appropriate solutions for sustainable development and to share this with stakeholders throughout the country."

Type of Resource Report
Title China SDNP Feasibility Study
Author Sustainable Development Networking Program (SDNP)
Affiliation United Nations Development Programme
Url http://www3.undp.org/countries/as/cnfs.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "This feasibility study on China's Sustainable Development Networking Program examines the current status and future prospects for CSDNP in China. It reviews the UNDP concept of SDNP as well as the concerns raised by the prefeasibility study of China's SDNP, and elucidates a way in which the concept can be successfully implemented in China. General principles for CSDNP, ways in which the network can serve needs of different users, and the roles that the host organization and various stakeholders can play are discussed. Furthermore, technical and organizational aspects . . ."

Type of Resource Article
Title Growth Management in Florida
Author Florida Internet Community for Understanding Sustainability
Affiliation University of South Florida: School of Architecture and Community Planning
Url http://www.arch.usf.edu/ficus/develop/chap12/chap12-1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Chapter 12 of a book about environmental issues in the state of Florida in the United States. Addresses [1] Population Growth and Land Use, [2] Managing Florida's Growth, [3] Florida's Comprehensive Planning History, [4] Growth Management's Future, [5] For More Information.

Type of Resource Report
Title Urban Agglomerations 1996
Author Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/wdtrends/urb/urb.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Includes tables on [1] World's urban agglomerations of 10 million or more inhabitants in 1996; [2] Populations (million) and ranks 1996 and 2015 for many cities (A - B, C - F, G - K, L - M, N - R, S - T, U - Z); [3] Percentage increase between 1975-1995 and 1995-2015 for many cities (A - B, C - F, G - K, L - M, N - R, S - T, U - Z); [4] Population residing in agglomeration, 1996, as percentage of total and urban populations (A - B, C - F, G - K, L - M, N - R, S - T, U - Z). Also graphs on: [1] World's urban agglomerations with populations of 10 million or more inhabitants in 1996: 1970, 1996 and 2015, [2] Number of urban agglomerations with 1 million or more inhabitants: 1950 - 2015 and notes.

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Trade and the Americas
Author Raymond J. Ahearn
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/econ-28.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1998 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress. "At the Summit of the Americas held in Miami during December 1994, 34 hemispheric leaders agreed to create a "Free Trade Area of the Americas" (FTAA) by 2005. Three and a half years later, at the second Summit of the Americas held April 18-19 in Santiago, Chile, the leaders formally launched the FTAA negotiations, in accordance with the March 1998 Ministerial Declaration of San Jose. " Issues addressed include:
  • An invitation extended to Chile to join the North America Free Trade Area
  • Preferential tariff treatment for countries of the Caribbean and Central America.
  • Movement towards an FTAA.

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]