POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Coasts & Oceans -
Fisheries

Last updated: 04/13/00
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Report
Title Fishers and Fisheries: The population dimensions of world fishery issues
Author Food and Agricultural Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/fao/fish/fishcont.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1996 report includes: [1] Fishers in crisis, [2] The fishers' population, [3] Population dynamics and policies in fishing communities, [4] Fishery policy planning: population dimensions, [Annex 1] Selected socio-economic studies of fishing communities, [Annex 2] A country case: Japan -- Summary of report is also available.

Type of Resource Report
Title Review of the State of World Fishery Resources
Author Food and Agricultural Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/FISHERY/publ/circular/c920/c920-1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "This paper updates the regular reviews of the state of the world's marine fish stocks, based mainly on statistics through 1994. The introduction refers to the limits of world fish production and to major trends in world fisheries since 1950."

Type of Resource Summary
Title Population project for fisherwomen in the Philippines
Author Food and Agriculture Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/WPdirect/WPan0013.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This 1996 summary of a report "describes an FAO/UNFPA project for women in fishing communities in the Philippines. The project, implemented between 1990 and 1994 in Capiz and Pangasinan provinces, was very successful in improving the socio-economic status of women and their families and in promoting family planning and reproductive health care. The achievements of the project have attracted wide interest internationally. It has been featured on CNN and national TV stations and also at the Conference on Population and Development in Cairo. The project also attracted visitors and study groups from Asian and African countries. After the termination of UNFPA/FAO assistance in December 1994, the provincial governments expanded their support to the 78 women groups formed by the project. The lessons learnt from the project will be useful in designing and developing population activities in other countries."

Type of Resource Journal Article
Title How Bountiful are Ocean Fisheries?
Author Brian J. Rothschild
Affiliation University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, U.S.A.
Url http://www.gcrio.org/CONSEQUENCES/winter96/oceanfish.html
Peer Review Independent Peer Review
Abstract "The annual catch of fish from the sea, long an ever-increasing quantity, declined and leveled off in recent years, while the world's population continues its upward climb. Overfishing is often blamed, but a great deal more is involved, including inherent problems in fisheries management and emerging problems of environmental changes of many kinds." 1996 article in the Journal Consequences.

Type of Resource Databases
Title FAOSTAT Databases
Author Food and Agriculture Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://apps.fao.org/cgi-bin/nph-db.pl?subset=fisheries
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Contains time series data by country on volume of annual primary production (catches and culture) from all waters, production of processed and preserved products, and external trade of these products in terms of volume and value. The data are provided for seven broad aggregates of species and six main types of products preservation. Aggregates by continent and other geographical/economic groupings are also provided.

Type of Resource 16 Nontechnical Reports
Title Briefing Reports on Fisheries Issues
Author Various
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/crsmar.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract Reports are produced as nonpartisan briefing documents for the U.S. Congress.
OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCES: A BRIEFING BOOK (5/30/97~169p. in 24 sections)

Outer Continental Shelf: Oil and Gas Leasing and Revenue (10/15/99 ~ 8p.)
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 106th Congress (10/13/99 ~9p.)
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA):
Budget Activities and Issues for the 106th Congress
(8/20/99~15p. in 2 sections)
The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy (7/12/99~12 p.~4 sec.)
The Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Problem: Status and Legislative Issues (6/11/99~6p)
Methane Hydrates: Energy Prospect or Natural Hazard? (2/8/99 ~ 3p.)
Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law (1/22/99 ~ 6p.)
The Maritime Security Program (MSP) in an International Commercial Context: A Discussion (10/28/98 ~ 9p.)
Fishery, Aquaculture and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 105th Congress (10/28/98~19 p.~2 sec.)
Maritime Economic Regulation and the 105th Congress (11/13/98~9 p.)
Oceans Act in the 105th Congress: Bills Relating to a U.S. Oceans Policy (7/29/98 ~ 3p.)
Pfiesteria and Related Harmful Blooms: Natural Resource and Human Health Concerns (12/8/97~24p. in 2 sections.)
Marine Mammals in Captivity - Background and Management Issues in the United States (5/5/97~30 p. in 3 sections)
Commercial Fishing: Economic Aid and Capacity Reduction (4/14/97~31p.in 3 sections)
Law of the Sea; The International Seabed Authority - Its Status and U.S. Participation Therein (9/16/96~7 p.)
Dolphin Protection and Tuna Seining (8/29/97 ~ 16 p.)
Pfiesteria: Natural Resource and Human Health Concerns (9/23/97~8p.)
Commercial Fishing: Economic Aid and Capacity Reduction (4/14/97~31p.in 3 sections)
Norwegian Commercial Whaling: Issues for Congress (12/31/96 ~ 8 p.)
Magnusson Fishery Conservation and Management Act Reauthorization (12/4/96 ~ 15 p.)
International Environment: Current Major Global Treaties (11/5/96 ~ 4 p.)
Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters (1/5/96 ~ 16 p.)
Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management (11/25/95 ~ 23 p.)
Federal Agency Programs in Living Aquatic Resources and Aquatic Habitat Protection (8/15/95 ~ 102 p.)
Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate, Marine Mammal Issues (5/12/95 ~ 16 p.)
Social Aspects of Federal Fishery Management (4/21/95 ~ 15 p.)
The Northern Right Whale (4/14/95 ~ 5 p.)
Summaries of Major Laws Implemented by the National Marine Fisheries Service (3/24/95 ~ 29 p.)
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna: International Management of a Shared Resource (3/8/95 ~ 26 p.)
Overcapitalization in the U.S. Commercial Fishing Industry (2/22/95 ~ 15 p.)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions (12/19/94 ~ 6 p.)
Marine Mammal Protection Act: Amendments of 1994 (9/28/94 ~ 9 p.)
Freshwater Mussels (7/14/94 ~ 3p.)
Aquaculture and the Federal Role (11/9/93 ~ 15 p.)


Type of Resource Statement
Title Fisheries
Author American Oceans Campaign
Affiliation American Oceans Campaign
Url http://www.americanoceans.org/issues/fshrs.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Overview by U.S.-based advocacy group of fishery decline, economic effects, and other factors.

Type of Resource Bibliography
Title Sustainable Development/Economics-Fisheries Bibliography
Author Tom Tietenberg
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/fish.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This is an extensive bibliography on fisheries. The references are primarily for journals and books. They cover such topics as: pollution effects, subsidises, natural resource regulation/deregulation, ocean harvesting, fishery management policy, quotas, recreational value and property rights. Specific areas/countries referred to include: US, west Africa, Iceland, Caribbean, Norway, Virginia, British Colombia, Australia, Greenland, Solomon Islands, Antarctica, New Zealand, New York and the Gulf of Mexico.

Type of Resource Paper review
Title What is the role of ITQs in the management of a fishery?
Author Jonathan F. Nykvist
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/fish-sa.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of a technical paper by Gauvin, John R., et al. 1994. called "Description and Evaluation of the Wreckfish Fishery Under Individual Transferable Quotas." addressing policies to manage fisheries.

Type of Resource Report Chapter + Tables
Title Water and Fisheries
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/wa_txt1.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This is chapter 13 of the report World Resources 1996-97, a primary reference volume on global environmental and natural resource conditions and trends for the United Nations, World Bank, and related international organizations. Related data tables are available in Adobe format at http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/wr96dtwa.pdf

Type of Resource Press Release
Title World's Natural Fish Stocks Depleted Says New Study
Author Barbara Rose
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/pressrel/042396.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The ability to meet world demand for fish from natural fish stocks has reached its peak and now is declining, according to a new study released today by the Washington, D.C.-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)."

Type of Resource News Article
Title Fish and Food Security
Author VISION News & Views, April 1996
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0496/nv_0496e.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Short article from magazine "20/20 Vision" about declining fisheries and their implications.

Type of Resource News Story
Title Large Scale Aquaculture, Shrimp Farms Spell Trouble for Environment
Author Acres USA
Affiliation Acres USA
Url http://www.voyagepub.com/publish/stories/0996mar6.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Sometimes an environmental "solution" is worse than the problem it was designed to solve. Observers certainly wonder if that's the case with shrimp fishing and aquaculture."

Type of Resource Bibliography
Title Selected Sources... Sustainable Fisheries
Author Unknown
Affiliation International Institute for Sustainable Development
Url http://iisd1.iisd.ca/ic/info/ss9505.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This site contains a list of references to publications, including books, journal articles, organization articles and conference proceedings, on such topics as, marine aquaculture, marine policies, marine fisheries, law of the sea, marine conversation, and more. Some references include abstracts. Canadian site.

Type of Resource Statement
Title Norwegian Management of Marine Resources
Author Nytt fra Norge for Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Affiliation Norwegian Gorvernment
Url http://odin.dep.no/ud/nornytt/uda-247.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Discusses sustainable fisheries and the dependence on them of coastal populations and settlements along the Norwegian coast. Attributes current positive development in most important for Norwegian fisheries to management policy, based on advice from Norwegian marine scientists and the International Council for Exploration of the Sea. Addresses sustainable harvesting, global resource management, stock estimates, responsible fishing, multi-species management, practical experience, environment and climate and International cooperation.

Type of Resource Report
Title Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act Reauthorization
Author Eugene H. Buck
Affiliation Congressional Research Service
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/mar-3.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract Background briefing report for U.S. Congress. "Enactment of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MFCMA) in 1976 extended federal fishery jurisdiction to 200 miles offshore and established the current federal fishery management regime. . . The MFCMA was most recently reauthorized and extensively amended in 1990 . . ." Reauthorization Legislation "passed by both the Senate and House in the last days of the 104th Congress, and was signed by President Clinton as P.L. 104-297 on Oct. 11, 1996. "

Type of Resource Report
Title Human Population and Water, Fisheries, and Coastal Areas: Science and Policy Issues
Author Various (see below)
Affiliation Various (see below)
Url http://www.aaas.org/international/
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract In September 1995, PSD and the AAAS Consortium of Affiliates for International Programs convened a meeting of experts on the topic of Human Population and Water, Fisheries, and Coastal Areas: Science and Policy Issues in Washington, DC. A series of papers presented at the meeting are available here.

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]