Food & Agriculture -
Agricultural Productivity
Last updated: 04/13/00
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Report
Title FAO/UNFPA expert group meeting on Food Production and Population Growth
Author Food and Agricultural Organization and United Nations Population Fund
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/fao/expmtg.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of 1996 meeting which met: "(i) to discuss and elaborate the issues raised in two background papers - Food Requirements and Population Growth and Population Pressure and the Food Supply System in the Developing World and (ii) propose amendments to the draft of a policy statement Towards Universal Food Security in order to strengthen its treatment of relevant population concerns."

Type of Resource Report Chapter
Title Food and Agriculture
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/wri/wr-96-97/fa_txt1.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This is chapter 10 of the report World Resources 1996-97, a primary reference volume on global environmental and natural resource conditions and trends for the United Nations, World Bank, and related international organizations. Related data tables are available in Adobe format

Type of Resource Article
Title Population and Food
Author National Wildlife Federation Population and Environment Program
Affiliation National Wildlife Federation
Url http://www.nwf.org/international/pop/food.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Presently total yields of grains and meat are on the rise. However, in per capita terms, meat production remains stable, while grain production is dwindling. Per capita seafood production is declining as demand exceeds the wild catch. Population growth, inequitable distribution and use of resources, and poor land management are leading some to question the long-held belief that we can adequately feed future generations."

Type of Resource Databases
Title FAOSTAT Databases
Author Food and Agriculture Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://apps.fao.org/cgi-bin/nph-db.pl?subset=agriculture
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Includes individual country and regional data for 1961 - 1996 on Production ( Primary Crops, Derived Crops, Live Animals, and Primary Livestock), Agricultural Production Indices, Producer Prices (Primary Crops and Primary Livestock), and Means of Production (Agricultural Machinery, Fertilizers, Pesticides Trade, and Pesticides Consumption)

Type of Resource Magazine Article
Title Forgotten Benefactor of Humanity
Author Gregg Easterbrook
Affiliation Article published in The Atlantic Monthly
Url http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97jan/borlaug/borlaug.htm
Peer Review No
Abstract January, 1997 Article: "Norman Borlaug, the agronomist whose discoveries parked the Green Revolution, has saved literally millions of lives, yet he is hardly a household name . . "

Type of Resource Technical Report
Title An exploratory model of the impact of rapid climate change on the world food situation
Author Grechen C. Daily and Paul R. Ehrlich
Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University
Url http://dieoff.org/page102.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "A simple, globally aggregated, stochastic-simulation model was constructed to examine the effects of rapid climatic change on agriculture and the human population. The model calculates population size and the production, consumption and storage of grain under different climate scenarios over a 20-year projection time. In most scenarios, either an optimistic baseline annual increase of agricultural output of 1.7% or a more pessimistic appraisal of 0.9% was used. The rate of natural increase of the human population exclusive of excess hunger-related deaths was set at 1.7% per year and climatic changes with both negative and positive impacts on agriculture were assessed."

Type of Resource Article
Title The Past 25 Years: Successes, Failures, and Lessons Learned in Feeding the World
Author Barbara Rose
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/backgrnd/25years.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Short review of the impact and lessons of the "Green Revolution"

Type of Resource Article
Title Revolutionary Method Using Genetic "Maps and Markers" Promises to Increase Rice Yields by 15-20 Percent in Hungry South Asia -- June 15, 1995
Author Barbara Rose
Affiliation International Food Research Policy Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/pressrel/061595d.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "A team of scientists with Cornell University and China's Hunan Hybrid Rice Research Center are systematically harvesting high-yielding plant genes using molecular maps and markers to boost the yields of the world's most important food crop. The method promises to increase rice yields by 15-20 percent over a four- to five-year period, announced the scientists today at an international conference on agriculture and the environment. The method could sustain incremental yield increases in rice of 3-5 percent per year over the next 15-25 years, the scientists said. The scientists also hope to apply the same method to other major food staples, including wheat, maize, and beans."

Type of Resource Article
Title Researchers Project 2020 Food Scenario, Prospects for Technology
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, July 1995
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0795/nv_0795c.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Preparations for the 2020 Vision conference included research designed to provide the best estimates of food supply and demand in the next quarter century, with biotechnology and integrated pest management (IPM) cited as particularly promising examples of new technology that can lead to increases in food production."

Type of Resource News Release
Title Report for the Wood Food Summit on Population Growth -- July 21, 1996
Author Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
Affiliation United Nations (UN)
Url http://www.fao.org/waicent/ois/press%5Fne/presseng/h25f.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "To satisfy its population demands by year 2050, Africa will have to increase food production by 200 percent, Asian countries and Latin American and Caribbean countries by 69 and 80 percent respectively, and North American countries by 30 percent, according to a recent study by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the United Nations Population Fund. In Europe, demand for food produce will diminish, says the report which is part of a series of technical papers for FAO's World Food Summit to be convened in November this year. [1996]"

Type of Resource Graph
Title Cereal Yield per Hectare
Author Food and Agriculture Organization
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.wri.org/wri/enved/trends/foo-6b.html       (Temporarily Unavailable)
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Cereal food production is examined.

Type of Resource Article
Title Tracking the Trends
Author Facing the Future
Affiliation Facing the Future
Url http://www.facingthefuture.org/trends.html         (Temporarily Unavailable)
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Statement on site of U.S. based advocacy group: "While the debate continues about how many people the earth can support, several key indicators appear negative. Despite unprecedented growth in global economic and agricultural production since 1950, population increases have neutralized many of these gains. In fact, viewed on a per capita basis, many important indicators are in decline. If these trends continue, the results are likely to be dangerous and destabilizing."

Type of Resource Article
Title Large Scale Aquaculture, Shrimp Farms Spell Trouble for Environment
Url http://www.voyagepub.com/publish/stories/0996mar6.htm       (Temporarily Unavailable)
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Sometimes an environmental "solution" is worse than the problem it was designed to solve. Observers certainly wonder if that's the case with shrimp fishing and aquaculture."

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