POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Air, Climate & Atmospheric Change - Global Warming
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Report
Title Profiles in Carbon: An Update on Population, Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions
Author Robert Engelman
Affiliation Population Action International
Url http://www.populationaction.org/why_pop/carbon/carbon_index.htm
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract 1998 report follows up on a 1994 report "Stabilizing the Atmosphere: Population, Consumption and Greenhouse Gases" by the same author. "Expanding people's power to plan their families could help pave the way to a stable climate, according to a new analysis of per capita greenhouse gas emissions from Population Action International (PAI). The resulting slower rates of population growth would facilitate development of an equitable system of tradable emissions permits that could improve the economic prospects of poorer countries while encouraging global emissions reductions." Includes:

Type of Resource Report
Title Potential impacts of sea-level rise (SLR) on populations and agriculture
Author R. Gommes, J. du Guerny, F. Nachtergaele and R. Brinkman
Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EIdirect/EIre0045.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1998 report addresses issues related to the potential impacts of sea level rise on the world's coastal populations and agriculture. This is a "global" study mostly based on national data. Includes:

Type of Resource Report
Title Stabilizing the Atmosphere: Population, Consumption and Greenhouse Gases
Author Robert Engelman
Affiliation Population Action International
Url http://www.cnie.org/pop/CO2/intro.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This 1994 report addresses the effect of population upon the generation of greenhouse gases in general and carbon dioxide in particular. Acting from the viewpoint that the atmosphere represents a finite global resource, Engelman argues that stabilizing the world population "increases the likelihood that tolerable levels of individual resource consumption will be compatible with equity and a stable climate, and thus sustainable....Only global population stabilization will preserve the portion of the atmosphere available to each individual." The document includes seven charts, two tables, based on 1990 figures, the latest year prior to publication with authoritative data on both population and industrial CO2 emissions by country.

Type of Resource Short Review Report
Title The Effect of Population on Global Climate Change
Author Tonalee Carlson Key
Affiliation Independent Writer
Url http://www.cnie.org/pop/intros/globalclimate1.htm
Peer Review Independently Reviewed
Abstract 1998 review commissioned by CNIE for this Library. Reviews topics such as:
  • The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming;
  • Why Do We Suspect That Human Activities Are Affecting Global Change?;
  • Greenhouse Gases and Their Sources; 3. The Effect of Population on CO2 Emissions;
  • The Controversy, The Predicted Consequences of Global Climate Change
  • Actions That Can Be Taken to Mitigate Global Warming
  • Summary

Type of Resource Nontechnical Policy Report
Title Global Climate Change
Author John R. Justus and Wayne A. Morrissey
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/clim-2.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1999 briefing report for the U.S. Congress on the issues underlying and the policies related to Global Climate Change.

Type of Resource Journal Paper
Title Population Growth and Global Warming
Author John Bongaarts
Affiliation Population Council
Url http://www.cnie.org/pop/bongaarts/popgrowth/index.htm
Peer Review Independent Peer Review
Abstract Reproduced from the journal "Population and Development Review" (Volume 18, #2, June 1992). "This article focuses on two issues that have thus far received only limited attention. The first of these concerns the role of population growth in future global warming. . . .A second issue is the relative contributions of the developed and developing parts of the world to climate stabilization." Includes:

Type of Resource Report
Title Climate Change 1995: IPCC Second Assessment Report
Author Various under auspices of IPCC
Affiliation Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Url http://www.ipcc.ch/cc95/cont-95.htm
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract IPCC was established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme in 1988, in order to: (i) assess available scientific information on climate change, (ii) assess the environmental and socio­economic impacts of climate change, and (iii) formulate response strategies. Parts of this report address the role of population as a source of greenhouse gases and the potential impacts of climate change on human health and activities. Site includes:

Type of Resource Magazine
Title Our Planet: Climate Change
Author Various
Affiliation Published by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
Url http://www.ourplanet.com/imgversn/93/contents.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract December, 1997 issue of this journal includes:
  • Editorial by Elizabeth Dowdeswell, Executive Director, UNEP.
  • The heat is on by Robert Watson (Director of the Environment Department of the World Bank and Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) explains that the decisions taken at Kyoto will affect the world for millennia.
  • Everything to gain by Robin Cook (Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, United Kingdom) describing global warming as a threat without parallel, says that those that move to combat it now will gain economically.
  • A new partnership to make a difference by John Browne (Group Chief Executive of British Petroleum) calls for industry to meet the challenge and opportunity of global warming and outlines what his oil company is doing.
  • Scaffolding or scaffold? by Neroni Slade (Ambassador of Samoa to the United Nations and Chairman of AOSIS) argues that the Convention on Climate Change remains an empty framework, imperilling the survival of small island states.
  • Turning to the sun by Jai Narain Prasad Nishad ( Minister of State for Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Government of India) outlines India's strategy for conserving fossil fuels and mitigating climate change by developing renewable sources of energy.
  • A matter of convention by Michael Zammit Cutajar (Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) examines the philosophy behind the Convention on Climate Change and the role that the Kyoto Conference will play in reaching its goal.
  • Viewpoint: The lion in the dark by R. Shakespeare Maya (Executive Director of the Southern Centre for Energy and Environment, Harare, Zimbabwe) argues that developing countries have become their own worst enemies by failing to take a strong enough negotiating position on climate change.
  • The South is acting by A. Atiq Rahman (Director of the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, Dhaka, and Coordinator of the Climate Action Network, South Asia) describes voluntary action on greenhouse gases by developing countries, and says that the North must stop taking the planet hostage.
  • Carbon for sale! by Christiana Figueres and Anne Hambleton (Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas) describe a win-win strategy for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions in developing countries.
  • Current events by Michael H. Glantz ( National Center for Atmospheric Research) examines the El Niño phenomenon and discusses suggestions that recent events may be related to global warming.
  • UNEP News
  • Averting catastrophe by Hiroshi Ohki

Type of Resource Article
Title WWF Introductory Guide to the Climate Convention.
Author Joy Hyvarinen
Affiliation The World Wide Fund For Nature
Url http://www.panda.org/tda/climate/climate4/page1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The purpose of this guide is to provide a simple overview of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (the Climate Convention). The guide does not provide a detailed legal analysis of the provisions of the Convention."

Type of Resource Journal Article
Title Potential Impacts of Climate Change On Agriculture And Food Supply
Author Cynthia Rosenzweig and Daniel Hillel
Affiliation NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, USA (Rosenweig) University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA (Hillel)
Url http://www.gcrio.org/CONSEQUENCES/summer95/agriculture.html
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract "Computer models that include the direct effects of enhanced CO2 on plant growth predict that global greenhouse warming will generally benefit agriculture in the U.S., Canada and Australia, while diminishing agricultural productivity in the lower latitude, developing countries that can least afford it." 1995 article from the journal Consequences.

Type of Resource Article
Title HEALTH IN THE HOT ZONE: How would global warming affect humans?
Author Richard Monastersky
Affiliation SCIENCE NEWS
Url http://dieoff.org/page70.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "This article provides a framework for estimating the population sizes and lifestyles that could be sustained without undermining the potential of the planet to support future generations. We also investigate how human activity may increase or reduce Earth's carrying capacity for Homo sapiens. We first describe the current demographic situation and then examine various biophysical and social dimensions . . ."

Type of Resource Technical report
Title Global Climate Change: A Science Update
Author British Columbia, Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks
Affiliation Canadian Government
Url http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/epd/epdpa/ar/gccasu.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The Greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change.

Type of Resource Link List
Title WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING?
Author Union of Concerned Scientists-USA
Affiliation Union of Concerned Scientists
Url http://www.ucsusa.org/global/gwwhatis.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract

Type of Resource Article
Title Energy, Atmosphere and Climate: Facts about Global Warming and Ozone Depletion
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/enved/energy/eac-fact.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The Earth's atmosphere, a thin blanket of gases, protects the planet from the harshest of the sun's ultraviolet radiation. The atmosphere, by trapping the Earth's warmth, keeps rivers and oceans from freezing. Carbon dioxide and water vapor are the most important gases in creating the insulating or greenhouse effect" of the atmosphere."

Type of Resource Article
Title Rising to the Occasion: Stabilizing Global Climate
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/climate/stabiliz.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Statement about policies needed to stabilize global climate, including [1] energy efficiency, [2] energy prices, [3] chlorofluorocarbons, [4] population growth.

Type of Resource Slides/graphs
Title Atmosphere and Climate
Author Mary Paden, Daniel Nielson, Steven McCann, Susanne Kamalieh
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/enved/trends/atm-home.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract General information on climate change including: [1] How the Greenhouse Effect Works, [2] Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations, [3] Temperature Change and Carbon Dioxide Levels Over 160,000 Years, [4] Cumulative Emissions of Carbon Dioxide from Fossil Fuels, 1950-89, [5] Top Ten Greenhouse Gas Emitters, [6] Seven Megacities with the the Worst Air Pollution.

Type of Resource Article
Title Predicting environmental migration
Author Bo R Doos
Affiliation Global Environment Management
Url http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk:80/tiempo/floor0/archive/t24art1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract General article on the role of environment in migration which appears in the publication Tiempo: Global Warming and the Third World.

Type of Resource Data Sets
Title Holdridge Life Zones Data Set
Author Rik Leemans
Affiliation International Institute for Applied Systems Analyses
Url http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/data/holdridge.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The Holdridge Life Zones data set includes a total of four data files.
  1. Climate and vegetation (ecological) types, under current, so-called "normal" climate conditions. It has a spatial resolution of one-half degree latitude/longitude, and a total of 38 life-zone classes.
  2. Life Zones changes given an assumed doubling of atmospheric C02.
  3. Those Life Zone areas which would undergo changes before the doubling of C02.
  4. Those Life Zone areas which would undergo changes after the doubling of C02.

Type of Resource Data Sets
Title The IIASA Climate Database
Author R. Leemans, W.P. Cramer
Affiliation International Institute for Applied Systems Analyses
Url http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/data/iiasa.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "There are three variables included in the database: average monthly cloudiness, precipitation and temperature and 12 monthly values per variable. These values were calculated from existing historical weather records of a diverse nature, but with the common feature that most cover at least five years during the period between 1930 and 1960."

Type of Resource Databases
Title Vegetation Data
Author Various
Affiliation EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, U.S.A.
Url Below
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Four data sets on factors affecting greenhouse gases:
  • Global Ecosystem Complexes (the world's Major Ecosystem Complexes ranked by the amounts of carbon in live vegetation. compiled by Jerry Olson, J. Watts and L. Allison at the Environmental Sciences Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, USA)
  • Global Vegetation Cultivation Intensity and Albedo (The Matthews Vegetation data set comes from a global map of vegetation types, which was compiled from up to 100 existing map sources at the Goddard Institute of Space Studies and Columbia University, USA)
  • Global Methane from Livestock (This one-degree latitude/longitude spatial resolution data set of Methane Emission from Animals data set was compiled at the NASA/Goddard Institute of Space Studies from nine animal population densities. The statistics on animal populations came from the Food and Agricultural Organization and other sources.)
  • Vegetation Map of Brazil (instructions on downloading and use.)

Type of Resource Opinion Editorial
Title Pollution and Our People Problem
Author Fred Meyerson
Affiliation Yale University
Url http://www.earthnet.net/~popnet/meyerson.html (temporarily unavailable)
Peer Review No
Abstract November 10, 1997 opinion editorial begins "According to the Clinton administration, the United States will miss its year 2000 greenhouse gas target by roughly 13 percent. This overshoot alone is greater than the entire 1990 carbon emissions of India, a country with
970 million people. As it turns out, increased U.S. per capita energy consumption is probably not the primary culprit. The most significant component of the U.S. failure may be our high population growth rate relative to other developed countries."

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]