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Environment & Health -
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Last updated: 06/02/00

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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Treaty Chapter
Title Agenda 21: Chapter 6. Protecting and promoting human health conditions
Author United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.cnie.org/agenda21/a21-06.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Text of Chapter 6 of the Treaty adopted    at the 1992 United Nations Confrence on Environment and Development (UNCED - the "Earth Summit") in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Type of Resource Treaty Text Chapters
Title International Conference on Population and Development: Programme of Action
Author United Nations
Affiliation
URL http://www.cnie.org/pop/icpd/
Peer Review Negotiation Review Process
Abstract This Programme of Action was the result of the 1992 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt.  The chapters of the Programme of Action address various aspects of the relationship between population and environment. Includes:

Type of Resource 3 Reports, 7 Applied Studies, 59 Activity Reports
Title Capsule Reports
Author Environmental Health Project
Affiliation Environmental Health Project
Url http://www.ehproject.org/live/rptspub.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Environmental Health Project is a United States Agency for International Development centrally funded project that helps missions and bureaus and other development organizations to address both pre- and post-industrial transition environment-related health problems. To achieve the most significant health impact, EHP concentrates on interventions that address three major causes of infant and child illness and death in USAID-assisted developing countries: diarrhea, acute respiratory diseases, and  malaria.  These reports decribe issues and activities being addressed by EHP including specific health and environment problems with recommendations of policies and actions

Capsule Reports (Short pamphlets which condense or synthesize information on a technical topic to reach a wide audience.)

  1. Health & the Environment in Urban Poor Areas: Avoiding a Crisis through Prevention (also available in Spanish on request from EHP ).  Catley-Carlson, Margaret and Silimperi, Diana. March 1996. (373KB PDF)
  2. Dengue Fever: An Environmental Plague for the New Millennium? Lennox, Robert W. and Arata, Andrew A. January 1999. (393KB PDF)
  3. Lowering Exposure of Children to Indoor Air Pollution to Prevent ARI: The Need for Information and Action. Bruce, Nigel. January 1999. (570KB PDF)

Lessons Learned Flyers: (Four-page fliers which give a short description of EHP's experience, as of 1999, in a topic area, the lessons drawn from that experience, and a brief synopsis of outstanding issues for future work.)

  1. Diarrhea Prevention: Lessons Learned, by Patricia Billig and Diane B. Bendahmane. September 1999.

  2. Malaria Prevention: Lessons Learned, by Panduka Wijeyaratne and Andrew Arata. May 1999.

  3. Community Involvement: Lessons Learned, by May Yacoob and Margo Kelly. May 1999.
  4. Comparative Risk Assessment: Lessons Learned, by Eugene Brantly. May 1999.
  5. Environmental Sanitation Policies: Lessons Learned, by Eduardo Perez. May 1999.
  6. Behavior Change: Lessons Learned, by Michael Favin and Diane Bendahmane. June 1999.
  7. Services for the Urban Poor: Lessons Learned, by Eduardo Perez. May 1999.
  8. Institutional Strengthening: Lessons Learned, by Fred Rosensweig. May 1999.

Applied Studies (Reports on topics of interest or targetted to EHP's key audiences. This category of  papers is intended to be well researched, peer reviewed, and widely disseminated within the development community.)

  1. Talking Drums: A Communication Handbook for Field Managers of River Blindness Prevention Programs. Oliver, Charles W. April 1994. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  2. Financial Services and Environmental Health: Household Credit for Water and Sanitation. Varley, Robert C. G. January 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  3. Prevention: Environmental Health Interventions to Sustain Child Survival. Murphy, Helen, Stanton, Bonnie, Galbraith, Jennifer, Wijeyaratne, Panduka, and Arata, Andrew A. Revised February 1997.
  4. Child Survival and Environmental Health Interventions: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Varley, Robert C. G. November 1996.
  5. Better Sanitation Programming: A UNICEF Handbook. UNICEF. April 1997. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  6. Beyond Participation: Locally Based Demand for Environmental Health in Peri-Urban Areas. Varley, Robert C. G., Yacoob, May, and Smith, Scott. December 1996.
  7. Providing Urban Environmental Services for the Poor: Lessons Learned from Three Pilot Projects. McCommon, Carolyn, Perez, Eduardo A., and Rosensweig, Fred. December 1998.
  8. Institutional Lessons Learned in Environmental Health Programs. O'Toole, Laurence J. and Sencer, David J. March 1999.
  9. (There is no report published as Applied Study 9.)
  10. Behavior First: A Minimum Package of Environmental Health Behaviors to Improve Child Health. Favin, Michael, Yacoob, May, and Bendahmane, Diane B. May 1999.

Activity Reports (Products of specific requests by USAID missions or bureaus, these reports describe technical assistance interventions.  Designed primarily to meet the need of the client, these reports also document the work of EHP in various countries, regions, or in specific technical areas.)

  1. Survey of U.S. Private Voluntary Organizations Working in Environmental Health. Hirschey, Ann. July 1994.
  2. Evaluation of the Suchitepequez Ivermectin Distribution Program in Guatemala. Burnham, Gilbert and Oliver, Charles W. December 1994. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  3. A Review of National Cholera Plans in Guatemala, Honduras, and Ecuador. Chudy, John Paul. December 1994. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  4. Evaluation of Water Interventions in Bolivia. Powell, Clydette, Larrea, Oscar, and Vargas, Veronica. December 1994. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  5. A Review of Sanitation Program Evaluations in Developing Countries. LaFond, Anne. February 1995.
  6. Review of an NGO Based Peri-Urban Environmental Health Project in Peru. McCommon, Carolyn and Altobelli, Laura. February 1995.
  7. Technical Assistance in Curriculum Development for the University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj, Romania. Rest, Kathleen M. March 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  8. Community Risk Assessment in Tunisia: Socioeconomic, Hygienic, and Environmental Analysis of Three Outlying Quarters: R'tibat (Kasserine), Oued Blibane, and Ksibet-Chott (Sousse). Boukraa, Ridha and Bechraoui, Nadia. June 1995. -- In spanish Diagnostic Socio-Environnemental: Analyse Socio-Economique, Hygienique et Environnementale de trois quartiers peripheriques R'tibat (Kasserine), Oued Blibane et Ksibet-Chott (Sousse). Boukraa, Ridha and Bechraoui, Nadia. June 1995.
  9. Towards a Functional Vector-borne Disease Research and Training Center in the Endemic Terai, Nepal; Technical Assistance 1994-1995. Wijeyaratne, Panduka, Oliver, Charles W., Upreti, Tara S., and Wirtz, Robert A. July 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  10. Findings and Institutional Options for Future Management of Water Supply and Wastewater in the Governorates of Fayoum, Beni Suef, and Menya. Edwards, Daniel B., Laredo, David, Selim, Tarek, Bakr, Mahmoud, El-Tayeb, Mostafa, Genena, Neamat, and Zaki, Salah. August 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  11. Action Plan: Institutional Development for Water and Wastewater Utilities in the Governorates of Fayoum, Beni Suef, and Menya; Provincial Cities Development Project, Egypt. Edwards, Daniel B., Laredo, David, Selim, Tarek, Bakr, Mahmoud, El-Tayeb, Mostafa, Genena, Neamat, and Zaki, Salah. September 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  12. Summary Report: Institutional Development for Water and Wastewater Utilities in the Governorates of Fayoum, Beni Suef, and Menya; Provincial Cities Development Project, Egypt. Edwards, Daniel B., Laredo, David, Selim, Tarek, Bakr, Mahmoud, El-Tayeb, Mostafa, Genena, Neamat, and Zaki, Salah. September 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  13. Summary of Activities in Zlatna, Romania, 1994-1995 (Lead Exposure in Young Children; Air Quality Monitoring and Control; Occupational Health and Safety). Billig, Patricia. January 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  14. Evaluation of the Institutional Support Contract for Cairo General Organization for Sanitary Drainage. Zobrist, Fred, Carney, James, and Shaw, Kennedy. September 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  15. Chloroquine Efficacy Study in Zambia, 1995-1996. Ettling, Mary, Bloland, Peter B., and Ruebush, Trenton K. November 1995, revised January 1997. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  16. PVO Workshop on Environmental Health, June 29, 1995. Bradford, Bonnie. November 1995. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  17. An Evaluation of Technical Options for Improvement of the Wastewater Treatment System at the RAS Kiviter Oil Shale Chemical Plant, Kohtla-Jarve, Estonia. Castaldi, Frank J. March 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  18. Improvement of the Dephenolization Plant at the RAS Kiviter Oil Shale Chemical Plant, Kohtla-Jarve, Estonia. Packy, Dan. March 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  19. Cholera Prevention in Ecuador: Community-Based Approaches for Behavior Change. Whiteford, Linda, Laspina, Carmen, and Torres, Mercedes. January 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  20. Summary of Phase I: Restructuring and Environmental Improvement. Assistance to RAS Kiviter, Kohtla-Järve, Estonia, 1994-1995. Jackson, Don, Andrechak, Ed, Harris, Graham, Mansfield, Frank, Murrie, Joseph, Orr, Nancy, Parrish, Robert, Rowley, Art, Salt, Ed, Sinor, Jerry, Swenson, Doug, and Wilkinson, Leslie. March 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  21. A Plan for CDS to Establish a Water and Sanitation District in Cité Soleil, Haiti. Rosensweig, Fred, McGahey, Chris, Noth, Richard, Shafritz, Lonna, and Gottert, Peter. May 1996; revised, with addendum September 1997.
  22. An Assessment and Source Apportionment of Airborne Particulate Matter in Cairo, Egypt. Rodes, Charles E., Nasralla, Mahmoud M., and Lawless, Philip A. August 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  23. Evaluation of the Institutional Development Component of the Cairo Water II Project: The General Organization for Greater Cairo Water Supply. Zobrist, Fred and Edwards, Daniel B. June 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  24. Addressing Environmental Health Issues in the Peri-Urban Context: Lessons Learned from CIMEP Tunisia. Yacoob, May and Kelly, Margo. September 1996.  -- Placer les Questions de Santé environnementale dans le Contexte periurbain: leçons tirées du Projet GESCOME tunisien. Yacoob, May and Kelly, Margo. September 1996.
  25. Monitoring the Effect of Behavior Change Activities on Cholera: A Review in Chimborazo and Cotopaxi, Ecuador. Whiteford, Linda, Laspina, Carmen, and Torres, Mercedes. October 1996.
  26. Coping with Intermittent Water Supply: Problems and Prospects. Dehra Dun, Uttar Pradesh, India. Choe, KyeongAe, Varley, Robert C. G., and Bijlani, H. U. October 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  27. Development of Indicators for the Water and Wastewater Sector in Egypt. Laredo, David, Selim, Tarek, and Carney, James. December 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  28. Environmental Assessment for the Gaza Industrial Estate Project. Davis, Bob, Abumojhli, Iyad, Castaldi, Frank, Hamady, Sana, and Hodgkin, Jonathan. December 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  29. Summary of Phase II: Restructuring and Environmental Improvement Assistance to RAS Kiviter, Kohtla-Järve, Estonia, 1994-1995. Jackson, Don, Andrechak, Ed, Brodie, James, Castaldi, Frank, Harris, Graham, Mansfield, Frank, Orr, Nancy, Packy, Daniel, Parrish, Robert, Rowley, Art, and Salt, Edward Wilkinson Leslie. December 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  30. Issues and Options for Transfer of Water Distribution Responsibility to Local Government Structures in the Bushbuckridge, Hazyview, and Nsikazi North Areas of South Africa. Edwards, Daniel B., Firestine, Robert, Hodgkin, Jonathan, and McCommon, Carolyn. November 1997.
  31. Institutional Assessment for Lead Exposure Abatement and Reduction in Cairo. O'Toole, Laurence J., Phoenix, Janet A., and Gamaleldin, M. Walid. December 1996. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  32. Lead Exposure Abatement Plan for Egypt: Results of Environmental Sampling for Lead. Chappell, Richard, Ezzeldin, Hossam S., Billig, Patricia, Ault, Steven K., and Brantly, Eugene. Revised November1997.
  33. Reducing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Mercury and Cyanide in Gold-Mining in Nicaragua. Rosario, Joana and Ault, Steven K. March 1997. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  34. Designing a Sanitation Program for the Urban Poor: Case Study from Montego Bay, Jamaica. Perez, Eduardo A. and Reddaway, Betsy. May 1997.
  35. Evaluation of the Jamaica Urban Environmental Program for On-Site Sanitation. Daane, Janelle, Lamb, Mary, and Perez, Eduardo A. July 1997. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  36. Summary of EHP Activities under the "Promotion of Private Health Markets Project": Slovakia, Poland, and Romania. Ault, Steven K., Pepper, Lewis, Pollard, Richard, and Rest, Kathleen M. August 1997.
  37. Lead Exposure Abatement Plan for Egypt. O'Toole, Laurence J., Brantly, Eugene, and Billig, Patricia. November 1997.
  38. Air Pollution and Child Health: Priorities for Action. Report of a Meeting of an EHP Technical Advisory Group on Air Pollution, July 17-18, 1996, Arlington, Virginia. Bendahmane, Diane B. June 1997.
  39. Identification of Financial Resources and Credit Mechanisms for the Urban Sanitation Program in Jamaica. Ocasio, Raymond. August 1997

  40. Proceso de Transformación de los Acueductos Rurales del INAPA en Empresas Comunitarias de Agua Potable (ECAP); Marco del Diseño de la Estrategia. Edwards, Daniel B. September 1997.
  41. Design of a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for Egypt's Environment Sector and USAID's Egyptian Environmental Policy Program. Cook, Thomas J., Krahl, Lane, Wood, Lynette, Krieger, Douglas, Loeb, Alan P., Saleh, Magdy, and Garcia-Surette, Mildred. October 1997.
  42. Programa de Comunicacion para la Transferencia Democratica de Sistemas de Aguas a las Comunidades Rurales de la Republica Dominicana. Vigano, Oscar. December 1997. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  43. Rehabilitation of Priority Springs and Wells in Jordan: Part 1. Assessment Report on Wadi Sir, Qairawan, Qantara, and Deek/Teis Springs and Kafrein Wells. Daane, Janelle and McNeill, Frederick J. December 1997.
  44. Assessment of Jordan Valley Rural Sanitation Feasibility Study. Laredo, David and Thompson, Richard. February 1998. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  45. Summary of Activities in Zlatna, Romania, 1994-1997; A Cross-Sectoral Approach to Environmental and Occupational Health Improvements. Billig, Patricia. January 1998.
  46. Indicators for Programs to Prevent Diarrheal Disease, Malaria, and Acute Respiratory Infections; Report of a Meeting of an EHP Technical Advisory Group (TAG), July 30-31, 1997. Bendahmane, Diane B. February 1998.
  47. Options for Monitoring Biological and Environmental Lead during the Phase-Out of Lead in Gasoline in Latin America and the Caribbean. Gittleman, Janie L., Billig, Patricia, Ault, Steven K., and Hernández-Avila, Mauricio. September 1999.
  48. Proceedings Report: International Conference on Bednets and Other Insecticide-Treated Materials for the Prevention of Malaria, October 29-31, 1997, Washington, D.C. Bendahmane, Diane B. December 1997. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  49. Proceedings Report: Technical Consultation on USAID's Infectious Diseases Strategy, December 16-17, 1997, Washington, D.C. Bendahmane, Diane B. February 1998. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  50. Community-Based Approaches for Environmental Health in Secondary Cities in West Africa and the Scale-Up Process; Proceedings of a workshop held in Cotonou, Benin, May 18-20, 1998. Miller, David. July 1998. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  51. Community and Household Assessment of Malaria Prevention in Eastern Province, Zambia: Summary of Findings on Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Practices. Shelley, Karen and Mambwe, Esther. October 1998. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  52. Social Mobilization as an Approach to Prevention and Control of Dengue in Guatemala. Torres, Olga R. December 1998.  -- Enfoque en la Mobilización Social en la Prevención y el Control del Dengue en Guatemala. Torres, Olga R. December 1998.
  53. Formation of Community Working Groups to Reduce Lead Exposure in Transylvania, Romania; 1997-1998. Alison, Kathy and Silberschmidt, Martin Maracineanu Mihai. December 1998.
  54. Development of an Environmental Health Curriculum, Matej Bel Unviersity, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia. Rest, Kathleen M., Rusnák, Martin, Hollister, Robert M., and Pokorski, Janusz. January 1999. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  55. Design and Implementation of a Rapid Assessment for the Malaria Control Initiative, Community Partners for Health, Lagos, Nigeria. Sesay, Haruna Rashid and Wijeyaratne, Panduka. January 1999. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  56. An Assessment of Health Education Materials  for Control of Dengue and Malaria in Honduras. Lloyd, Linda. February 1999.
  57. A Strategy for Behavior Change for Malaria Prevention and Control: Eastern Province (Zambia) Integrated Malaria Initiative. Douglass, Edward F. and Nyambe, Josephine. June 1999.
  58. Entomological Assessment in Blantyre District, Malawi, in Support of an Insecticide-Treated Materials Project, January 18-February 5, 1999. Sexton, John D. and Tambala, Phillimon. March 1999.
  59. Summary of EHP Activities in Kitwe, Zambia, 1997-1999: Kitwe Urban Health Programs. Baer, Franklin C., McGahey, Christopher, and Wijeyaratne, Panduka. June 1999.
  60. Malaria in the Peruvian Amazon: A Review of the Epidemiology, Entomology, and Insecticide Resistance of Vectors. Arata, Andrew A., Ruebush, Tenton K. II, Porter, Charles H., Stein, John D., Lounibous, L. Philip, and Molina de Fernández, Darjaniva. March 1999.
  61. Diarrheal Disease Prevention through Community-Based Participation Interventions; Santa Cruz, Bolivia; 1997-1998. Whiteford, Linda, Arata, Andrew A., Torres, Mercedes, Mantaño, Dolly, Suarez, Nancy, Creel, Elizabeth, and Ramsey, Karen. August 1999 . -- Prevención de Enfermedades Diarréicas a Través de la Intervención Comunitaria Participativa; Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 1997-1998. Whiteford, Linda, Arata, Andrew A., Torres, Mercedes, Mantaño, Dolly, Suarez, Nancy, Creel, Elizabeth, and Ramsey, Karen. August 1999.
  62. Assessment of Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems in Tanzania. Brown, Wayne, Nsubuga, Peter, and Eseko, Nicholas. May 1999.
  63. Action Planning to Strengthen Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems in Tanzania. Brown, Wayne, Eseko, Nicholas N., and McNabb, Scott. May 1999.
  64. Decentralization of Water Supply and Sanitation Services in El Salvador. Linares, Carlos Armando and Rosensweig, Fred. May 1999. -- Descentralización de los Servicios de Suministro de Agua Potable y Saneamiento en El Salvador. Linares, Carlos Armando and Rosensweig, Fred. May 1999.
  65. Regional Analysis of Decentralization of Water Supply and Sanitation Services in Central America and the Dominican Republic. Walker, Ian and Velásquez, Max. May 1999. --  Análisis Regional de la Descentralizatión de los Servicios de Agua y Saneamiento en América Central y la República Domenicana. Walker, Ian and Velásquez, Max. April 1999.
  66. Evaluation of a Training Program for Environmental Health Technicians in Honduras. Kalson, Dennis and Ault, Steven K. May 1999.
  67. Evaluación de un Programa de Capacitación para Técnicos de Salud Ambiental en Honduras. Kalson, Dennis and Ault, Steven K. May 1999. --  A Review of Water Conservation Practices and Potential for Tourist Facilities in Barbados and St. Lucia. Singh, Joth and Clouden, Francine. June 1999.
  68. Solid Waste Audit of Hotels in Dominica, St. Lucia, and the Dominican Republic (Punta Cana Region). Downing, Thomas J., Hurd, Peter, Muscalino, John, and Poland, Ronald J. June 1999 .
  69. Development and Implementation of a Pest Control Strategy for the Hashimiyya Area in Jordan. Saliba, Elias, Barhoum, Amal, and Batieha, Anwar. June 1999.
  70. Dominican Republic: Evaluation of Rural Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Construction. Karp, Andrew and Daane, Janelle. June 1999. --  República Dominicana: Evaluación de la Construcción de la Infraestructura Rural de Agua y Saneamiento. Karp, Andrew and Danne, Janelle. June 1999.
  71. Malaria in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas in Sub-Saharan Africa. Warren, McWilson, Billig, Patricia, Bendahmane, Diane B., and Wijeyaratne, Panduka. August 1999.
  72. Estudio de Plomo en Sangre en Población seleccionada de Lima y el Callao (Junio 1998-Marzo 1999) con Resumen Ejecutivo en Español y Ingles (with Executive Summary in Spanish and English). Hernández-Avila, Mauricio. September 1999.
  73. Innovative Methods for Environmental Management of Solid Waste in Informal Urban Settlements of Lima, Peru: Summary and Lessons Learned from the Alternativa Demonstration Project. Perez, Eduardo A. June 1999.
  74. Data Collection Workbook to Support Environmental Health Assessments. Brantly, Eugene, Hetes, Robert, MacCormack, Carol, and Murphy, Helen. September 1999. (Electronic version not currently available.)
  75. (There is no report published as Activity Report 75.)
  76. Decentralization of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems in Central America and the Dominican Republic. Rosensweig, Fred and Perez, Eduardo A. June 1999.
  77. Morocco: Ouled Teima Integrated Wastewater Management and Reuse Project. Selim, Tarek. September 1999. --  Maroc: Projet Intégré de Ouled Teima pour les eaux usées et leur réutilisation. Selim, Tarek. September 1999.
  78. L'Activité CIMEP au Bénin: Un exemple des processus de décentralisation à venir. Yacoob, May, Kelly, Margo, Hibberd, Patricia, Yallou, Salifou, Miller, David, and Khanfir, Habib. September 1999. -- The CIMEP Activity in Benin: An Example of the Decentralization Processes to Come. Yacoob, May, Kelly, Margo, Hibberd, Patricia, Yallou, Salifou, Miller, David, and Khanfir, Habib. September 1999.
  79. Environmental and Behavioral Risk Factors for Diarrheal Diseases in Childhood; A Survey in Two Towns in Morocco. Kelly, Patrick, Khanfir, Habib, David, Patricia H., Arata, Michelle, and Kleinau, Eckhard F. September 1999. -- Facteurs de risque environnementaux et comportementaux pour les maladies diarrhéiques infantiles: Une enquête dans deux villes au Maroc. Kelly, Patrick, Khanfir, Habib, David, Patricia H., and Arata, Michelle, Kleinau Eckhard F. September 1999.

101. An Assessment of Environmental and Occupational Health Activities Conducted for the USAID Mission to Ukraine. Billig, Patricia, Daane, Janelle, and Dobrovolsky, Leonard.  January 2000.

 

Environment, Health & People (Periodic eight-page updates—each issue contains an article on a particular topic of concern to EHP, plus updates on ongoing activities.)

  1. EH&P, No. 1. A More Expansive Concept of Prevention/ Malaria: Serious and Getting Worse/ USAID Marks 40 Years of Malaria-Control Efforts in Nepal/ Current EHP Activities. Summer 1995.  (Electronic version not currently available.)
  2. EH&P, No. 2. Risk Assessment Leads to Action in India/ Dengue: The Fastest Spreading Tropical Disease/ Communitiy Assessments: Looking at Risks fromt the Residents' Perspective/ Current EHP Activities. Spring 1996.
  3. EH&P, No. 3. Sanitation Programming: Giving Precedence to Process/ Diarrhea: The Potential of "Software" Improvements/ Chloroquine Sensitivity Test Results Point to Change in Anti-Malarial Drug Policy in Zambia/ Current EHP Activities. Fall 1996.
  4. EH&P, No. 4. WS&S "Software" and "Hardware"--The Cost-Effectiveness Argument/ Pedal Power Achieves Results in Solid Waste Collection/ Mathematics of Prevention/ Current EHP Activities. Spring 1997.
  5. EH&P, No. 5. Targeting High-Risk Behaviors in Diarrheal Disease Prevention/ Opportunities for Further Reductions in Diarrheal Disease Mortality/ Results: Some Sanitation Successes in Jamaica/ Current EHP Activities. Fall 1997.
  6. EH&P, No. 6. GIS in Malaria Surveillance: Great Expectations/ EHP Global Network on the Health Effects of Indoor Air Pollution in Developing Countries/ Community Management of Water Supply in Cité Soleil, Haiti, Meets Cost-Recovery Goals/ Alarming Facts about Sanitation in Developing Countries. Spring 1998.

 

EH&P, No. 7. A Minimum Package of Environmental Health Behaviors for Maximum Results/ Environmental Control of Mosquito Breeding Highly Successful in Jordan/ DECNET Links Water and Sanitation Experts Seeking Information on Decentralization. Fall 1998.


Type of Resource Report
Title The Hidden Benefits of Climate Policy: Reducing Fossil Fuel Use Saves Lives Now
Author World Resources Institute
Affiliation World Resources Institute
Url http://www.wri.org/health/ghg-note.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The first study ever to look at the global short-term health impact of fossil fuel consumption projects significant consequences for people's health and mortality worldwide." Includes:
  • Overview
  • Particulates and Health
  • Two Climate Scenarios
  • Comparing the Projections
  • Health Impact
  • A Global Problem
  • The Need for a Global Solution
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions Endanger the Public's Health Today

Type of Resource Journal
Title People and the Planet - People and Reproductive Health
Author Various
Affiliation Published by "Planet 21"
Url http://www.oneworld.org/patp/previous.html
Peer Review No
Abstract Journal with articles contributed various authors with different affiliations. Volume 6-1 (Winter 1997 issue) on People and Reproductive Health includes:

Type of Resource Article
Title Population and Consumption: Redefining Happiness
Author National Wildlife Federation Population and Environment Program
Affiliation National Wildlife Federation
Url http://www.nwf.org/international/pop/consume.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Americans use more resources, and produce more waste than even the rest of the industrialized nations, using almost five and a half times more energy per capita than the global average. So what does this mean?"

Type of Resource Technical Paper
Title Public Choices Between Life-Saving Programs: How Important are Lives Saved?
Author Maureen L. Cropper and Uma Subramanian
Affiliation World Bank
Url http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/work_paper/1497/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1995 paper addresses concern that in the U.S. "the public worries about trivial risks while ignoring larger ones. For example, people worry about traces of trihalomethane in their drinking water, but will not buckle their seatbelts or give up smoking. Even more troubling is the fact that large amounts of money are spent on programs that reduce trivial risks while programs that are more cost-effective and address more serious risks are ignored."

Type of Resource Report Summary
Title The Impact of Development Policies on Health: A Review of the Literature
Author D.E. Cooper Weil, A.P. Alicbusan, J.F. Wilson, M.R. Reich, and D.J. Bradley
Affiliation World Health Organization
Url http://www.who.ch/pll/dsa/cat95/heapol5.htm#impact        (Temporarily Unavailable)
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of WHO report which provides a "A critical review of currently available evidence useful in assessing the ways in which policies for socioeconomic development can have an unintended negative impact on health.

Type of Resource Report Summary
Title Environmental Health in Urban Development
Author World Health Organization
Affiliation World Health Organization
Url http://www.who.ch/pll/dsa/cat95/urb5.htm#environ       (Temporarily Unavailable)
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Summary of WHO report which "assesses what can be done to alleviate the many severe health problems associated with urban environments."

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]