People in the
Balance: Population and Natural Resources at the Turn of the Millennium
by Robert Engelman, Richard P. Cincotta,
Bonnie Dye, Tom Gardner-Outlaw, Jennifer Wisnewski (2000). A review of "key
data on population growth and the state of critical natural resources as the millennium
turns." Sections on Population, Water, Land, Forests, Fisheries, CO2, Biodiversity.
Revolution: Population, Environment and a Sustainable World
by Paul Harrison. Selected chapters from a
1992 book which provides a general overview of the entire subject of population and
environment linkages with many sections devoted to examples around the world. the book
argues that two past revolutions in the relationship between the human population and its
environment - agricultural and industrial revolutions - will be followed by a third; a
transition to sustainability.
Environment Relationships in Developing Countries: A Select Review of Approaches and
by Catherine Marquette & Richard Bilsborrow (1997). An
examination of the diversity of perspectives taken by social scientists in the field.
Recommendations on future research are made, with the particular suggestion that the
discipline focus more on micro-level study, resulting in a more "bottom-up"
of the Hague Forum on ICPD+5
A Febraury 1999 update on progress made toward implementing
the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and
Development (ICPD) in Cairo, Egypt.
progress on the road from Rio
A June 1997 update on the progress made toward implementing
Agenda 21 which was adopted at the 1992 United Nations Confrence on Environment and
Development (UNCED - the "Earth Summit") in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Strategies for Enhancing
by The Futures Group International. A slide show
presentation on food security developed for the 1996 World Food Summit provides a general
overview on the issue of food security, defining terms and outlining issues in the context
of individual malnutrition, food availability and national economies. Prognoses and
strategies are outlined. With charts, graphs, brief text and annotations
Population and Environment
by Gale Mead Hey, 1998. Especially commissioned by the
CNIE, this article is an introduction to ocean/population linkages. Basic terms are linked
throughout to a glossary of marine terms. The article addresses pollution, disruptive
fishing techniques, the transplantation of alien species, and global climate change. A
companion article in abbreviated form, is also available.
Stabilizing the Atmosphere:
Population, Consumption and Greenhouse Gases (1994)
+ 1998 Update: Profiles in Carbon:
An Update on Population, Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions
by Robert Engelman, Population Action International. This
report addresses the effect of population upon the generation of greenhouse gases in
general and carbon dioxide in particular. Acting from the viewpoint that the atmosphere
represents a finite global resource, PAI's Engelman argues that stabilizing the world
population "increases the likelihood that tolerable levels of individual resource
consumption will be compatible with equity and a stable climate, and thus
sustainable....Only global population stabilization will preserve the portion of the
atmosphere available to each individual." The document includes seven charts, two
tables, based on 1990 figures, the latest year with authoritative data on both population
and industrial CO2 emissions by country.
Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies (1993)
+ 1997 Update: Sustaining Water,
Easing Scarcity: A Second Update
Robert Engelman, Pamela LeRoy and Tom Gardner-Outlaw,
Population Action International's report on fresh water resources and their relationship
to population, health and development. The study is statistic rich and amply illustrated.
Many regional examples are given, and strategies and policy - on a global and regional
basis - are discussed.
Population and Sustainable Food Production
by Robert Engelman and Pamela LeRoy Population Action
International, (1995) This document explores the effects of population upon agricultural
capacity in the present context of pest evolution, greater dependence on fossil fuel based
technologies, the depletion of water aquifers, resource scarcity, and the possible
degradation of soil quality. Supposing a leveling off of available agricultural land, the
paper looks at the impact of growing human numbers upon a finite or degrading resource,
and its effect upon food security. While acknowledging a less tenable connection between
human population and land degradation, the document explores the possibilities that human
ingenuity, coupled with a restriction in the rate of human increase, can lead to a
sustainable increase in human population. The document is replete with illustrative
figures, charts and maps, surveying population and agricultural use of the land from the
eighteenth century to the present.