POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Land Use -
Regional Examples

Last updated: 04/13/00
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource 4 Reports + Summaries
Title Population change-natural resources-environment linkages in east and southeast Asia
Author Alain Marcoux
Affiliation United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/fao/faohome.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract

Type of Resource 24 Reports
Title National State of the Environment Reports
Author Various National Governments
Affiliation Various National Governments
Url http://www.grida.no/soe/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Reports provide overview of environmental conditions in various countries, each report typically addresses issues of Biodiversity, Water, Air Pollution, Land and Forest Resources, Waste, Management, and other topics. Reports are available from:

Type of Resource Report
Title State of the Environment CHINA 1997 - Land Resources, Forest Resources
Author Jianguo Wang
Affiliation State Environmental Protection Administration, China
Url http://svr1-pek.unep.net/soechina/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Report provides overview of environmental conditions in China, includes:

Type of Resource Report
Title Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Chiapas
Author Philip Howard and Thomas Homer-Dixon
Affiliation Project on Environment, Population, and Security
Url http://utl1.library.utoronto.ca/www/pcs/eps/chiapas/chiapas1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "This paper identifies the different forms of environmental scarcities that affect the people of Chiapas, Mexico. In recent years, these scarcities have become acute. Increased demand for cropland arising from high human fertility and an influx of migrants occurred within the context of a long-standing inequitable distribution of land resources. The contribution of cropland degradation to environmental scarcity was localized to the Central Highlands. Environmental scarcities did not cause civil strife by themselves; in interaction with other factors, however, they multiplied the grievances of the campesino and indigena communities. At the same time, economic liberalization reduced the governing regime's capacity in Chiapas and provided greater opportunities for violent challenges by opposition groups."

Type of Resource Report
Title Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict; The Case of Gaza
Author Kimberley Kelley and Thomas Homer-Dixon
Affiliation Project on Environment, Population, and Security
Url http://utl1.library.utoronto.ca/www/pcs/eps/gaza/gaza1.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "The achievement of limited autonomy for Palestinians in Gaza and Jericho in 1993 engendered hope for peace in the Middle East, yet violence persists. The links between environmental scarcity and conflict are complex, but in Gaza, water scarcity has clearly aggravated socioeconomic conditions. These conditions, in turn, have contributed to the grievances behind ongoing violence against Israel and emerging tensions among Palestinians in Gaza."

Type of Resource Paper Review
Title Has Zambia's Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E) approach to
agricultural expansion facilitated sustainable development?
Author Marc Small
Affiliation Colby College
Url http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/ag-zam.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Review of two technical papers: Bezuneh, M., Ames, G.C.W., and Mabbs-Zeno, C., 1995. "Sustainable agricultural development using a farming systems approach in Zambia". Ecological Economics, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 149-156; and (2) World Bank, 1980-1994. World Bank Development Report. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Type of Resource Article
Title Mangrove Swamps
Author Florida Internet Community for Understanding Sustainability
Affiliation University of South Florida: School of Architecture and Community Planning
Url http://www.arch.usf.edu/ficus/ecosyst/marine/ma-mangr.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Along Florida's south coast and halfway up the peninsula, mangrove swamps, dense forests of tropical mangrove trees, are common on sheltered tidal shorelines."

Type of Resource Article
Title The Population-Environment Report
Author David Berger
Affiliation Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary, National Audubon Society
Url http://www.greenbuilder.com/mader/ecotravel/border/aud94.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Publication of Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary of the National Audubon Society, a U.S. environmental organization. Describes a program that promotes sustainable development along both sides of the U.S./Mexico border with the goal of preserving habitat while improving the human environment. Addresses migration in the region.

  Type of Resource Report Summary
Title Food, Land Population and the U.S. Economy
Author David Pimentel and Mario Giampietro
Affiliation Cornell University and Istituto of Nazionale della Nutrizione, Rome
Url http://dieoff.org/page55.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1994 report for a U.S. advocacy group Carrying Capacity: "This report focuses on the interdependency of land, food, and population in the U.S. economy. The United States is in a privileged situation compared to other nations in the world: the per capita endowment of natural resources is relatively high because of the relatively low population density. At the same time, the United States is seriously risking loosing this privilege if more attention is not given to the control of population growth (including immigration), the sustainable management of natural resources, and the development of alternative energy sources. The aim of this report is to increase the awareness of policy makers and the public of the importance of the interaction between population growth, self-sufficiency in food production, standard of living and, ultimately, national security."

Type of Resource Report
Title Biodiversity and Landscape Planning: Alternative Futures for the Region of Camp Pendleton, California
Author Carl Steinitz, Michael Binford, Paul Cote, Thomas Edwards, Jr., Stephen Ervin, Richard T. T. Forman, Craig Johnson, Ross Kiester, David Mouat, Douglas Olson, Allan Shearer, Richard Toth, Robin Wills
Affiliation Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Utah State University, the National Biological Service, the USDA Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, and the Biodiversity Research Consortium, with the cooperation of the two relevant regional planning agencies, the San Diego Association of Governments and the Southern California Association of Governments, and Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
Url http://www.gsd.harvard.edu/brc/brc.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract This 1996 study explores how urban growth and change in the rapidly developing region between San Diego and Los Angeles might influence the biodiversity of the area.

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]