POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Population Movements/Migration
Last updated: 04/13/00
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Journal Paper
Title The Role of Environmental Degradation in Population Displacement
Author Steve Lonergan
Affiliation University of Victoria, Canada
Url http://ecsp.si.edu/ecsplib.nsf/6b5e482eec6e8a27852565d1000e1a4c/
e9d8424783a6871b85256671007213e2?OpenDocument
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract General review includes:
  • Introduction
  • The Role of Environment in Migration Movements
    1. How many refugees and migrants are there?
    2. Even if we can not accurately estimate the number of migrants, what have traditionally been presented as the causes of migration flows?
    3. What role does the environment play as a contributor to population movement?
    4. What does "environment" mean in the context of migration?
    5. How does one reconcile these different aspects of environment?
    6. What is the evidence presented for a link between environment and migration?
    7. Is there evidence to the contrary? That environmental change is not linked to migration?
    8. What types of environmental problems might there be in the future which could affect migration?
    9. What conclusions can be drawn from the above information?
  • Policy Recommendations

Type of Resource Treaty Text
Title International Conference on Population and Development: Programme of Action
Author United Nations
Affiliation
URL http://www.cnie.org/pop/icpd/
Peer Review Negotiation Review Process
Abstract This Programme of Action was the result of the 1992 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt.  The chapters of the Programme of Action address various aspects of the relationship between population and environment. Includes:

Type of Resource Table
Title South-to-North Migration Flows
Author Population Division
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/wdtrends/intabfin.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Table shows data on the average annual number of immigrants to selected developed regions by region of origin and average annual net migration recorded by developed regions by period, 1960 to 1989.

Type of Resource 21 Datasets, Reports, Detailed Tables, or Press Releases
Title Geographic Mobility/Migration in the United States
Author U.S. Census Bureau
Affiliation U.S. Government
Url http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/migrate.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The Current Population Survey (CPS) includes data on the annual rate of moving, and the characteristics of movers and nonmovers by type of move. Definitions and Explanations. Includes:

Historical data from the CPS include:

The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) includes a Migration History module that asks data on previous residences, timing of moves, and citizenship of the foreign born.

Population Estimates and Projections show net domestic migration and net international migration components. The net international component shown in these data sets is comprised of: [1] legal immigration from abroad; [2] net undocumented immigration from abroad; [3] emigration; [4] net movement between Puerto Rico and the U.S. mainland

From the 1990 Census is state data showing:


Type of Resource Report + Tables + Graphics
Title Urban and Rural Areas 1996
Author Population Division
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/wdtrends/ura/ura.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Tables show: Urban and rural populations 1996 and 2030

Percent urban, 1996 and 2030 Annual urban and rural growth rates, 1990-1995, Population of the largest urban agglomerations in 1995 (for regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern America, Oceania ) and graphics showing:


Type of Resource Wall Chart + Tables
Title International Migration Policies, 1995
Author Population Division
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.undp.org/popin/wdtrends/migpol95/imptoc.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Tables summarize: Immigration Policies, Emigration Policies, Migrant Stocks (living in country), Refugees (living in country) and Remittance (labour income earnings, migrant transfers and workers' remittances etc. as a percentage of total foreign exchange earnings for the latest available year) for countries of the world (grouped by regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern America, and Oceania ). Graphics show:

Type of Resource 8 Nontechnical Reports
Title Briefing Reports on Issues Related to Population and Migration
Author Various
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/crspop.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract Reports are produced as nonpartisan briefing documents for the U.S. Congress.

diamond.gif (870 bytes) Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 106th Congress (10/18/99~15p.)
diamond.gif (870 bytes) Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals (8/31/99~5p.)

diamond.gif (870 bytes) Immigration and Naturalization Service's FY2000 Budget (8/18/99~6p.)

Refugee Admissions and Resettlement Policy: Facts and Issues (5/25/99~10p.)
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 105th Congress (2/12/99~14 p.)
Immigration Fundamentals (2/9/99~3p.)
Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress (9/11/98~11 p.)
Immigration Fundamentals (7/2/98~ p.)
Naturalization Trends, Issues, and Legislation (6/14/98~11 p.)
Immigration: Reasons for Growth, 1981-1995 (2/12/98~6 p.)
Population Assistance Programs: Impending Congressional Action (2/3/97)
The U.S. Population: A Factsheet (6/12/95 ~ 2 p.)
Population and Development: the 1994 Cairo Conference (8/25/94 ~ 6 p.)


Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Naturalization Trends, Issues, and Legislation (U.S.)
Author Ruth Ellen Wasem
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/pop-3.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1998 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress: "In recent years, the number of immigrants petitioning to naturalize has surged, jumping from just over half a million applicants in FY1994 to surpassing one million in FY1995. There were 1.6 million petitions in FY1997 and -- with 568,799 cases approved last year -- the backlog of cases is up to almost 1.7 million. An initiative INS began in 1995 to streamline the process and respond to the increasing caseload, Citizenship USA, has been plagued by fraud and abuses. Most notably, audits documenting the improper naturalization of immigrants with criminal convictions as well as indictments of individuals who ran a citizenship testing fraud ring have led many in Congress to call for reform of the naturalization process. In response, legislation aimed at curbing fraud and abuses of naturalization has been introduced in both chambers."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Immigration: Reasons for Growth, 1981-1995
Author Joyce C. Vialet
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/pop-2.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1997 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress: "Legal immigration to the United States has increased sharply in recent years, and shows no signs of slowing down. The question of why immigration has grown so rapidly and the implications of this growth for the future are expected to be issues inhe 105th Congress. Primarily because of legislation enacted in 1980 and 1986, the numerical restrictions of the basic family and employment- based immigration preference system became less significant. The growth in legal immigration during the past 15 years came in three groups admitted outside these numerical limits -- legalized aliens, refugees, and numerically exempt immediate relatives of U.S. citizens. For example, about 2.8 million illegal or undocumented aliens were "legalized" between 1981 and 1995."

Type of Resource Nontechnical Report
Title Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 105th Congress
Author Joyce C. Vialet, Larry M. Eig
Affiliation Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Url http://www.cnie.org/nle/pop-4.html
Peer Review Internal Review Process
Abstract 1998 report prepared as a briefing document for the U.S. Congress: "Immigration legislation in the 105th Congress can be divided into three categories: (1) legislation prompted by the major immigration and welfare legislation enacted in the 104th Congress; (2) legislation in response to the expiration dates of existing provisions; and (3) legislation which addresses emerging new issues -- issues that the 104th Congress did not address, or issues that have arisen since then. Most of the legislation enacted so far falls into the first two categories: responses to the 1996 immigration and welfare acts; or responses to scheduled sunsets. In contrast, most pending legislation deals with new issues."

Type of Resource Book Review
Title The California Cauldron: Immigration and the Fortunes of Local Communities
Author Book by W. A. V. Clark, Review by Joe Guzzardi
Affiliation University of California at Los Angeles (Clark), Californians for Population Stabilization (Guzzardi)
Url http://www.calweb.com/~caps/rcauldron.html#          (Temporarily Unavailable)
Peer Review None for review
Abstract "Noting that one third of the 15 million immigrants who have come to America during the last two decades have settled in California, Clark asks "Will the societal fabric stretch to accommodate new arrivals or will the melting pot boil with the tensions of accommodating many different groups with a different agenda?"

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]