POPULATION & ENVIRONMENT LINKAGES SERVICE
Freshwater - Regional Examples

Last updated: 04/13/00
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National Library for the Environment
Type of Resource Report
Title Sustaining Water, Easing Scarcity: A Second Update
Author Tom Gardner-Outlaw and Robert Engelman
Affiliation Population Action International
Url http://www.populationaction.org/why_pop/water/water-toc.htm
Peer Review Independent Review Process
Abstract Update for the 1993 report Sustaining Water: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies. Includes: Case Studies: Southern Africa, Tigris-Euphrates Basin, Nile River Basin

Type of Resource Report
Title Sustaining Water: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies
Author Robert Engelman and Pamela LeRoy
Affiliation Population Action International
Url http://www.cnie.org/pop/pai/h2o-toc.html
Peer Review Independent Peer-Review Process
Abstract Full text of 55-page, 1993 report by U.S.-based advocacy group which addresses fresh water resources and their relationship to population, health and development. Strategies and regional examples are discussed. Regional examples include India, California, Saudi Arabia, Mexico and China. Statistics on other countries.

Type of Resource Report Summary
Title Water Resources Issues in the Arab States Region
Author Alain Marcoux
Affiliation Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/EPdirect/EPan0006.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Extracted from a longer paper by the same author, this summary notes that population growth "is at the heart of the problem of semi-arid development. The fundamental importance of water both for habitability and for rural access to biomass for food, fodder, fuelwood and timber makes water scarcity a crucial problem in the struggle for a higher quality of life of poor rural populations". Where habitability is reduced by water shortages, emigration is a habitual consequence

Type of Resource Report
Title State of the Environment CHINA 1997 - Water Environment
Author Jianguo Wang
Affiliation State Environmental Protection Administration, China
Url http://svr1-pek.unep.net/soechina/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Report provides overview of environmental conditions in China, includes: Water Environment and Environmental Management

Type of Resource Report, Data, Maps
Title Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 1995
Author Wayne B. Solley, Robert R. Pierce, Howard Perlman
Affiliation United States Geological Survey
Url http://water.usgs.gov/public/watuse/
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract 1998 report is available in pdf format. The report shows that the U.S. in 1995 used 402 billion gallons of water of all types per day for all uses, which is 2 percent less than in 1990 and nearly 10 percent less than in 1980. Freshwater per-capita use also decreased for 1995. Total per-capita use was 1,280 gallons per day, compared to 1,340 gallons per day in 1990. report includes:
  • Maps/Data,
  • Introduction,
  • 1995 summary and totals,
  • Trends, 1950-95 (Public supply use, Domestic use, Commercial use, Irrigation use, Industrial use, Thermo power use, Hydro power use, Wastewater treatment use, Mining use, Livestock use.)

1995 data for counties and watersheds, by state and for the U.S. can be downloaded. The 1990 report is also available in htm format with downlaodable data for 1990 and 1995. For 1990, a National Water-Use Fact Sheet, a Questions and Answers section, and a Color Maps section are also available.


Type of Resource 24 Reports
Title National State of the Environment Reports
Author Various National Governments
Affiliation Various National Governments
Url http://www.grida.no/soe/index.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Reports provide overview of environmental conditions in various countries, each report typically addresses issues of Biodiversity, Water, Air Pollution, Land and Forest Resources, Waste, Management, and other topics. Reports are available from:

Type of Resource Article
Title Sustainable Development in the Yellow River Area - China
Author Leo de Vrees
Affiliation Coastal Zone Management Centre, The Hague, The Netherlands.Hague, The Netherlands.
Url http://brooktrout.gso.uri.edu/China_Related_Items.html
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract Article about Sustainable Development in the Yellow River Area.

Type of Resource Article
Title Is Agriculture Raiding South Asia's Water Supplies? Water Scarcity and Water Reform in South Asia
Author 2020 VISION News & Views, April 1995
Affiliation International Food Policy Research Institute
Url http://www.cgiar.org/ifpri/2020/newslet/nv_0495/nv_0495a.htm
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract "Water is increasingly scarce around the world. In South Asia, where half of the world's poor live, international water conflicts are brewing and riots over water are taking place with increasing frequency. Many researchers, environmentalists, and others believe that agriculture is using more than its fair share of the resource. Around the world and in South Asia, agriculture, on average, uses about 80 percent of the water supply in a given country."

Type of Resource 82 Short Reports + 82 Data Tables
Title AQUASTAT
Author Food and Agriculture Administration (FAO)
Affiliation United Nations
Url http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FaoInfo/Agricult/AGL/AGLW/AQUASTAT/AQUASTAT.HTM
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract AQUASTAT is an information system on water in agriculture and rural development. It produces regional analyses and country profiles on water resources development, with emphasis on irrigation and drainage. Site presents a description of the rural water situation in 53 countries of the African continent and the 29 countries of the Near East region with relevant tables and maps. Also French and Espanol. Counties include: Afghanistan (Tables), Algeria (Tables), Angola (F) (Tables), Bahrain (Tables), Benin (F) (Tables), Botswana (Tables), Burkina Faso (F), Burundi (F) (Tables), Cameroon (F) (Tables), Cape Verde (F) (Tables), Central African Republic (F) (Tables), Chad (F), Comores (F) (Tables), Congo (F) (Tables), Côte d'Ivoire (F) (Tables), Cyprus (Tables), Djibouti (Tables), Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea (Tables), Ethiopia (Tables), Gabon (F) (Tables), Gambia (Tables), Ghana (Tables), Guinea (F) (Tables), Guinea-Bissau (F), Iran (Tables), Iraq (Tables), Jordan (Tables), Kenya (Tables), Kuwait (Tables), Kyrgyzstan (Tables) Lebanon (Tables), Lesotho (Tables), Liberia (Tables), Libya (Tables), Madagascar (F) (Tables), Malawi, Mali (F) (Tables), Malta (Tables), Mauritania (Tables), Mauritius (Tables), Morocco (Tables), Mozambique (Tables), Namibia (Tables), Niger (F) (Tables), Nigeria (Tables), Oman (Tables), Pakistan (Tables), Qatar (Tables), Rwanda (F) (Tables), Sao Tome & Principe (F), Saudi Arabia (Tables), Senegal (F) (Tables), Seychelles (Tables), Sierra Leone (Tables), Somalia (Tables), South Africa (Tables), Sudan (Tables), Swaziland, (Tables), Syria (Tables), Tanzania (Tables), Tajikistan, Togo (F) (Tables), Tunisia (Tables), Turkey (Tables), Turkmenistan (Tables), United Arab Emirates, Uganda (Tables), Yemen (Tables), Zaire (F) (Tables), Zambia (Tables), Zimbabwe (Tables). (F) = in French only.

Type of Resource Report
Title Pawcatuck Watershed Water Resources: A Management Issues Profile
Author Alan Desbonnet
Affiliation University of Rhode Island
Url http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/riseagrant/pubs/PawcWater.pdf
Peer Review Unknown Review Process
Abstract The Pawcatuck watershed is located in parts of Rhode Island and Connecticut, is shared and managed by the two states, a tribal nation, 14 towns, and various federal agencies, and is facing development pressure. Public water suppliers are nearing their limits to provide water, conflicts between user groups are escalating, and contaminant threats to drinking water are increasing. This document defines water resources and the management issues pertaining to them. It provides a foundation for devising sustainable management of water resources in the watershed. Date: 1999

National Council for Science and the Environment
"Improving the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues"
1725 K Street, NW, Suite 212, Washington, DC 20006-1401
Phone: (202) 530-5810 Fax: (202) 628-4311 [email protected]